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3 1833 01958 3043 

Gc 977.602 M66ha 
Hauft, Charles Edgar « 
Memorial, volume and history 
OF St. Mark's parish 
Minneapolis, Minn. 




Saint Mark's Parish 

Minneapolis, Minn. 






STREET TO OAK GROVE STREET „.„^«^.o .-.^.-^-— 

1908 ^«-— --—• 

SEP \ 8 1978, 


Alien Coaor/ j-u^iilc Library 
Ft. \K\iY^, !wl«8fla 


A Parish is an enlarged family, a portion of the house- 
hold of God. He would be scarcely human who did not 
feel some sense of pride in the family name and took no 
pains to preserve the family tree. But who can boast of 
higher lineage than those in whose veins flows the blood 
of the King of Kings, and who know themselves to be 
the children of God ? May we not well trace the stream of 
our ancestry and emphasize the blood relationship which 
makes all the members of the parish of one kin? As 
brothers and sisters we should know each other as inti- 
mately as possible. Here conventionality should give way 
to a genuine affection. For just forty years the corporate 
life of St. Mark's has continued with ever increasing as- 
piration. It is inevitable that, in such a parish, scattered 
as it is over the entire city, the various members cannot 
come into close touch with each other, and a measure of 
estrangement will be found ; but it should be the constant 
effort of all the members to break down the walls of sepa- 
ration, to realize and exalt the brotherhood of the fol- 
lowers of Christ, and of the members of this one house- 
hold of faith. 

We appeal to you, dear friends, to make this Parish 
warm with genuine friendship, and, even at personal 
sacrifice, to welcome strangers and greet with cordiality 
those who are already members. 

A Parish is a complicated organism intended to fur- 
nish a place for the activities of all sorts of persons, what- 
ever be their ability or their circumstances, their age or 
sex. There is danger of over organization but there can 
be no corporate life without it. Machinery is indispen- 

4 Memorial Volume 

sable, but let us never forget that machinery is utterly 
useless unless the spirit of the living creature be in the 
wheels. It is not sufficient for a man or woman to con- 
tribute a dole to the support of the Church, and not add 
the wealth of their own personality. No work brings 
richer reward to the individual nor greater blessing to 
society than that which we call church work. St. Mark's 
made a noble beginning when the original builders of 
the church presented it without debt for the worship 
of God at the opening service. Surely we who enjoy 
the fruit of their labors will not be content to lower their 
standard. This volume is published to commemorate 
their noble deeds, as a memorial of the past, and also for 
the information of those who would be glad to undertake 
some form of church work if they could find the place 
v\^here they could work effectively. Every member of 
the parish who reads this book is asked to -identify him- 
self or herself with the work in that form which is most 

May God, the Holy Spirit, guide the plans and admin- 
istration of the Parish with His divine wisdom, to His 
greater glory and the blessing of its members, and may 
He give to each of you such success as seemeth to Him 
good on earth, and the blessedness of serving Him in 

C. Edgar Haupt. 

G. Heath COTE Hills. 



Saint Mark's Parish 

ClcvQ's, Officers auD Committees 

Associate Rectors. 

Rev. C. Edgar Haupt, 2647 Lake of the Isles Boulevard. 

Telephone: N. W., So. 957. 
Rev. G. Heathcote Hills, 2721 Lake of the Isles Boulevard. 

Telephone: N. W., So. 1460. 


Mr. Llewellyn Christian Mr. C. M. Harrington 

Vestrymen, 1907-8. 
Geo. H. Christian, Hector Baxter, H. S. Abbott, C. H. Childs, 
V. H. Van Slyke, H. McI. Morton, Wm. Passmore, 
W. S. Dwinnell, D. M. Baldwin, Jr. 
At the Easter meeting, 1908, Mr. George H. Christian re- 
tired from the vestry and Mr. J. B. Robinson was elected. 
Clerk— Dr. H. W. Cook - - - 1002 W. Franklin 
Treasurer— Mrs. J. M. Outram - 2209 Aldrich Ave. S. 

Organist— Mr. Gordon Graham - - 217 W. 24th St. 
Parish Visitor— Miss Edith M. Pye - 519 Oak Grove St. 
Sexton — Nathan Hawkins. 

Office hours of the clergy daily 10 to 11. 
Parish House Telephone Nic. 1760. 

COMMITTEES, 1908-9. 

Committees of the Vestry Appointed for the Current Year: 

Finance— H. S. Abbott, chairman; C. H. Childs, W. M. 

Church Property — L. Christian, chairman; C. M. Harring- 
ton, D. M. Baldwin, Jr., J. B. Robinson. 

Music— Rev. G. H. Hills, chairman; H. McI. Morton; D. 
M. Baldwin, W. S. Dwinnell. 

Trust Funds — Hector Baxter, chairman; C. H. Childs, V. H. 
Van Slyke, J. B. Robinson. 

Ushering— C. H. Childs, chairman; H. S. Abbott, Hector 
Baxter, V. H. Van Slyke. 

6 Memorial Volume 

To Represent the Vestry on the Board of Managers of the 
V/ells Memorial— C. E. Haupt, Hector Baxter, C. H. Childs, 
V. H. Van Slyke, D. M. Baldwin. 

Building Committee for the Church— The Clergy, C. M. 
Harrington, chairman; W. S. Dwinnell, George H. Christian, 
H. McI. Morton, C. T. Jafifray. 

Building Committee for the Institutional Plant — The 
Clergy, W. S. Dwinnell, Hector Baxter, V. H. Van Slyke, C. 
H. Childs. 

Parish House Committee — Mrs. C. M. Harrington, Mrs. 
Llewellyn Christian, Mrs. Hector Baxter, Mrs. C. H. Childs, 
Mrs. W. S. Dwinnell, Mrs. Geo. E. Higgins. 



Lay Superintendent — Mr. Hector Baxter. 

Secretaries — Messrs. Wilson L. Gould and Charles Alcock. 

Treasurer — Mr. Stevens Crouse. 


Meets on the Third Sunday of each Month, 10:30 a. m. 
Secretary — Miss Marie Tombler. 
Treasurer — Mr. Roy Shippam. 


Organist and Choirmaster — Mr. Gordon Graham, F. G. O. 
Rehearsals — Boys', Mondays, 4 to 5 p. m.; Saturdays, 9 to 
10 a. m. Full Choir, Fridays, 7:30 to 9 p. m. 


Meets on the First Wednesday of each Month, 10 a. 
President— Mrs. A. W. Abbott. 
Vice-President— Miss C. J. Welles. 
Secretary— Mrs. G. P. Case. 
Treasurer — Miss Elsie Stone. 

Saint Mark's Parish 


Meets on Fridays, at 10:30 a. m. 
President — Mrs. S. B. Meader. 
Vice-President— Mrs. C. F. Clark. 
Secretary and Treasurer— Mrs. P. L. Norris. 


Meets on Fridays, at 4:00 p. m. 
Directress — Miss Mabel Wilkinson. 
Vice-Directress — Miss Grace Caplin. 
Secretary — Miss Violet Hills. 
Treasurer — Mrs. W. F. Jewett. 


Meets on Fridays, at 10:30 a. m. 
President— Mrs. W. S. Dwinnell. 
Vice-President — Miss Isabella Ross. 
Secretary and Treasurer — Mrs. C. H. Childs. 


Meets on the Second Tuesday of each Month. 
President — Mr. Clarence H. Childs. 
Vice-President — Mr. William Passmore. 
Secretary- Dr. A. E. Alther. 
Treasurer— Mr. V. H. VanSlyke. 


Meets every Sunday, at 9:45 a. m., and on the Second Thurs- 
day of each Month, at 8 p. m. 
President — Mr. G. Lindsey McKewen. 
Vice-President — Mr. George Shepherd. 
Secretary— Mr. Roy Shippam. 
Treasurer— Mr. Fred H. Robinson. 

8 Memorial Volume 


Daily, from 9 to 12 in the morning. 
Directress — Miss Margaret Baxter. 
Assistant — Miss Cecil Cobb. 


Meets on the First and Third Wednesdays of each Month, 
at 3:00 p. m. 
President— Mrs. J. W. Taylor. 
Secretary — Mrs. George McKewen. 
Treasurer— Mrs. L. P. Sawyer. 


Meets on the First and Third Wednesdays of each Month, 
at 6:30 p. m. 
Directress — Mrs. Vrooman- Woods. 
Vice-Directress — Miss Emma J. Smith. 
Secretary— Miss Dora Bacheller. 
Treasurer — Miss Lutie Reade. 


Meets every Saturday from 10 to 12 in the Morning. 
Directress— Mrs. A. W. Abbott. 
Vice-Directress — Miss Louise Higgins. 


Meets every Tuesday and Thursday, at 7:30 p. m. 
Director — Mr. Arthur Zacke. 


Meets every Monday Afternoon, at 4 p. m. 
Directress — Miss Katherine Carle. 
Vice-Directress — Miss Alma C. Haupt. 
Recording Secretary — Miss Katherine Dwinnell. 
Corresponding Secretary— Miss Beatrice Hawksett. 

Saint Mark's Parish 9 


Meets on the First and Third Tuesdays of each Month, at 
3 p. m. 
Directress — Mrs. C. H. Crouse. 
Vice-Directress — Miss Beatrice Hills. 
Secretary — Miss Ethel Shippam. 
Treasurer. — Miss Grace Robinson. 


President— Mr. Geo. W. Terry. 
Vice-President— Miss L. E. Miller. 
Secretary — Miss Florence Gibson. 
Treasurer — Mr. Roy Shippam. 

Sundays — 

Holy Communion, 9 a. m., except first Sunday of the 

First Sunday in the month Holy Communion, at 11:00 
a. m. 

Second and fourth Sundays of the month, Morning Prayer, 
Ante-Communion and Sermon, 11:00 a. m. 

Third and fifth Sunday of the month. Morning Prayer, 
Litany and Sermon, 11:00 a. m. 

Sunday School, 9:45 a. m. 

Evensong and address, 7:45 p. m. 
Fridays — 

Morning Prayer and Litany, 10:00 a. m. 
Saints' Days — 

Holy Communion, 10:00 a. m. 
During Lent — 

Daily noon service, 12:05 to 12:30. 

Wednesdays — Evening Prayer and Address, 7:45. 

Fridays — Evening Prayer and Address, 4:30 p. m. 

Ash Wednesday — Service and Sermon, 10:30. Evening 
Prayer and Address, 7:45 p. m. 

10 Memorial Volume 

Good Friday — Service and Sermon, 10:30. Special devo- 
tions with meditation, 12:00 m. to 3:00 p. m. 

Easter Even — Sacrament of baptism, 4:30 p. m. 
Easter Day — 

Holy Communion, 7:00 a. m.; full choir. Administration of 
the Apostolic rite of Confirmation and Holy Communion, 
9:00 a. m. Morning Prayer, Sermon and Holy Com- 
munion, 11:00 a. m. Children's Easter festival, 7:00 p. m. 
Ascension Day — 

Holy Communion, 11:00 a. m. Festival service, 7:45 p. m. 

Holy baptism on the third Sunday, of each month at the 
close of morning service and at other times by appointment. 

Holy Communion administered to the sick and persons 
shut in by request at any time. 

Strangers are invited to identify themselves with the Parish 
and to hand their names and addresses to any of the ushers, 
or to the clergy. 

Persons in sickness or distress are asked to notify the 
clergy promptly. "Is any sick among you? Let him call for 
the elders of the church; and let them pray over him * * 
and the prayer of faith shall save the sick." 

Saint Mark's Parish 11 

The first church in what is now Minneapolis was 
founded under the auspices of the "Associate Mission of 
Minnesota." The first service was held Sunday, July 7th, 
1850. The cornerstone of the original church of Holy 
Trinity was laid by Rev. Dr. Breck, October 30th, 1850, 
Father Gear, chaplain at Fort Snelling, making the ad- 
dress. The Parish was formally organized on Easter 
Monday, 1852, the first priest in charge being the Rev. 
Timothy Wilcoxson. 

October 1st, 1852, Jacob Sheril Chamberlain took 
charge of the parish, and in the fall of 1856, D. B. Knick- 
erbacker was sent out to assist him. 

Mrs. Katharine Sargent Olds writes from Silver 
Spring, Maryland, under date of September 8th, 1908 : 
"Yes, my husband was the same Rev. Mark L. Olds who 
was an assistant to Dr. ^Hckerbacker. They were like 
David and Jonathan, and are together now in the Para- 
dise of God. The first meeting of persons desiring to 
have a church on the Minneapolis side of the river was 
held in our parlor, and five or six were present. Then 
the Rev. D. B.f<Nickerbacker was called and officiated at 
Holy Trinity Church, St. Anthony, until the church was 
built which Mr. Olds named 'Gethsemane.' After that 
he entered the ministry and became assistant to Mr. 
Knickerbacker, and started services in North Minneapo- 

Saint Mark's church dates back to 1858, when, at the 
solicitation of the Rev. D. B./CNickerbacker, Captain 
J. C. Reno gave a lot at the corner of Washington and 
Twenty-third avenues north and secured contributions of 

12 Memorial Volume 

lumber, nails and glass for the erection of a free church. 

One day when the Rev. Doctor KNickerbacker, Mr. 
Mark L. Olds, who was to have charge of the mission, 
and Mr. Reno, were looking over the lot and discussing 
a name for the mission, the Rev. Doctor turned to Mr. 
Olds, and patting him on the back said: "Let us call it 
St. Mark's." The suggestion was at once adopted so 
that the parish not only perpetuates the name of the great 
evangelist, but also commemorates its first pastor. 

Rev. Mark L. Olds was born in Circleville, Ohio, in 
1828, studied law with his uncle, Chauncy Olds, of 
Columbus, who was register of the land office in Minne- 
sota in 1852, was baptized and confirmed in Holy Trin- 
ity Church, St. Anthony, Minn., and was ordained a 
deacon by Bishop Kemper in 1859, and a priest by Bishop 
Whipple, in 1861. He Avas a missionary for one year in 
Minnesota valley, as assistant to Dr. Knickerbacker, 
afterward Bishop of Indiana, became rector of St. Luke's 
Church, Hastings, was rector of Trinity Church, Tren- 
ton, N. J., in 1864. He became rector of Washington 
Parish, Washington, D. C, in 1865, and died September 
18, 1868. 

A small wooden church was erected on the lot and for 
a few years tried to gather a congregation, but either 
North Minneapolis did not grow as rapidly as had been 
hoped, or else the settlers there were not of a devotional 
nature, for, a few years later, it was deemed best to 
move the building to another locality. On a certain after- 
noon the Rev. Dr. Knickerbacker was interrupted in a 
lenten service by the wild gesticulations of a man standing 
in his vestry and trying to attract his attention. On going 
to see what was wanted he was told, "The church has 
arrived and we want to know where you want it put." 

Saint Mark's Parish 13 

He closed his service as quickly as possible and went to 
the corner of Hennepin avenue and Fourth streets (the 
site of the present Kasota building) and found that the 
church had been raised, placed on sleds and drawn by- 
twelve yoke of oxen from its former site. It v/as placed 
on the lot (which had been presented by Franklin Steele 
and H. T. Welles), facing- Fourth street, and there stood 
as St. Marks' for several years. 

On the twenty-second of April, 1868, a meeting was 
held at the chapel for the purpose of organizing the 
Parish. Due notice having been given and the consent 
of the ecclesiastical authorities secured, an organization 
was effected. The charter members were : H. T. Welles, 
W. T. Lee, F. M. Hardenburgh, W. P. Westfall, J. K. 
Rodgers, W. H. Lee, Jas. L. Spink, Wells Gardner, John 
Paul, Geo. F. Bolles, C. M. Hathaway, James Murison, 
Wm. T. Brown, W. H. McCollom, J. Lamour, A. Smith, 
J. F. Harrison, C. F. McCollom, J, C. Hall and James 
Rose. Mr. Wm. T. Lee was elected senior warden and 
Mr. H. T. Welles, junior warden. The following gentle- 
ment were elected vestrymen : Messrs. J. Paul, W. P. 
Westfall, C. M. Hardenburgh, W. H. Brown, J. W. 
Gardner, Geo. F. Bolles, J. Murison and A. Smith. Mr. 
G. F. Bolles became the first secretary and Mr. W. P. 
Westfall, the first treasurer. The new Parish became 
duly incorporated on June 19th, 1868. 

At first the Rev. E. S. Thomas came from Faribault to 
minister to the spiritual needs of the Parish, but declined 
a call to become its rector and, later, the services were 
supplied by the Rev. Professors Manney and Buel. Mean- 
while a call had been extended to, and accepted by, the 
Rev. E. A. Bradley, of Wiscasset, Maine, who began his 
ministry on St. Mark's Day, 1869. 

14 Memorial Volume 

"At the first meeting of the vestry, after Mr. Bradley- 
became rector, the Parish adopted the envelope system, 
for the purpose of meeting the current parochial expenses. 
At this meeting also, a committee consisting of Rev. E. 
A. Bradley, Messrs. W. T. Lee and H. T. Welles was ap- 
pointed, with instructions to procure from a competent 
architect, plans and specifications for a new church build- 
ing to seat five hundred persons. The committee pro- 
cured the services of Mr. Dudley, a well known architect 
of New York, and the wisdom of their selection is amply 
shown in the very handsome and substantial church edi- 
fice of St. Mark's." A lot was purchased at a cost of 
$3,000, the cornerstone was laid on St. Mark's Day, 
April 25th, 1870, and the building was completed so as to 
be occupied for the first time on Christmas Day, 1870. 
In part payment the builder, Mr. George McMullin, 
took the lot on Fourth street upon which the old church 
stood, and the building was again removed, this time to 
Fourth avenue south and Nineteenth street, where it was 
known as All Saints chapel, and used until the erection 
of the brick church now occupied by that parish. Mr. 
Bradley designed the chancel furniture himself and super- 
tended the carving. 

"At the opening service of St. Mark's church on Christ- 
mas Day, 1870, the entire indebtedness incurred in build- 
ing, amounting to $7,000, was cancelled by the day's 
offerings, of which the junior warden, Mr. H. T. Welles, 
had promised one-half." 

The Rev. Mr. Bradley discontinued his rectorship on 
the first day of October, 1870, and the Rev. E. S. Thomas, 
invited a second time to the rectorship, accepted the same 
and entered upon his duties on that date. 

St. Mark's church was consecrated on Thursday, Sep- 


FIRST RECTOR I 869- I 870 

Saint Mark's Parish 15 

tember 21st, 1871, with elaborate ceremonial by the bishop 
of the diocese, Rt. Rev. H. B. Whipple, D. D. The pil- 
lars in the auditorium were wreathed with autumn leaves 
and a profusion of flowers covered the altar. "There were 
present beside the bishop, Rev. E. S. Thomas, rector. Rev. 
Drs. McMasters and Richey, Rev. D. B. Nickerbacker, 
Rev. Messrs. Riley, Livermore, Crump, Chase, Powell, 
Seabreese, Wilcoxen, Williams, the venerable Father 
Gear, and others." 

The list of subscribers to the building fund was as fol- 

H. T. Welles $7,000.00 

W. T. Lee 5,000.00 

W. P. Westfall 2,525.00 

W. H. Lee 1,500.00 

C. M. Hardenberg 1,500.00 

R. B. Langdon 1,400.00 

Weston Merritt 1,000.00 

Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Spink 525.00 

W. H. Eldred 500.00 

W. T. Brown 200.00 

John Paul 250.00 

T. A. Murphy 250.00 

Richard Martin 450.00 

H. B. Hancock 200.00 

R. J. Mendenhall 200.00 

J. O. Simmons 200.00 

F. S. Reese 300.00 

Rev. E. G. Gear 250.00 

J. K. Rogers 225.00 

S. J. Austin 100.00 

J. R. Dayton 100.00 

Wm. Tomlinson 100.00 

16 Memorial Volume 

A. H. Linton 100.00 

Albie Smith 100.00 

W. D. Washburne. .' 100.00 

W. W. McNair 100.00 

W. W. Eastman 100.00 

Edward Martin 100.00 

George McMullen 100.00 

D. C. Shepard 100.00 

B. S. Bull 100.00 

Washington Yale 100.00 

E. H. Davie 150.00 

George C. Hatheway 50.00 

L. Fletcher 75.00 

John Lewis 50.00 

Alex Dole 50.00" 

J. C. Hall 25.00 

Wm. Moore 50.00 

E. R. Pearce 25.00 

George F. Smith 25.00 

C. T. McNamara 25.00 

Alex. Tyler 25.00 

S. P. Snyder 50.00 

J. Welles Gardiner 50.00 

E. L. Pierce 25.00 

G. A. Camp 50.00 

G. F. Bolles 25.00 

Christmas offerings 400.00 

Ladies' Aid (chancel) 400.00 

Ladies' (reredos) 75.00 

Prayer desk, etc 40.00 

The Weavers 40.00 

Total for church edifice $27,105.00 

Saint Mark's Parish 17 

Church lot 3,000.00 

Rectory lot 2,500.00 

Memorial windows 1,000.00 

Church furnishings 2,150.00 

Three-manual organ 5,600.00 

Parish school house 650.00 


During the incumbency of the Rev. Mr. Thomas the 
organ was secured, at a cost of $5,600, largely through 
the efforts of Mrs. R. B. Langdon, Mr. D. C. Shepherd 
being the largest contributor. 

Mrs. Wm. T. Lee and Mr. H. T. Welles purchased the 
lot adjoining the church for the sum of $2,500, and 
presented it to the parish and a rectory was built on it 
in the year 1873, at a cost of $7,000. A handsome font 
was also added to the furnishings of the church which 
was made by a woman sculptor, Mrs. Piesley, a poor 
widow. She went to Chicago and selected the white 
marble for its construction, giving her work and charg- 
ing only for her expenses. 

The Rev. Br. Bradley went from St. Marks to Indian- 
apolis, Ind., and finally became vicar of St. Agnes chapel 
of Trinity Parish, New York, which position he held at 
the time of his death. It was said of him that each 
Parish which he left had a stone church built during his 

The Rev. Mr. Thomas was rector of the parish for a 
little over four years, resigning in January, 1875. In 
1876 he was called to St. Paul's church, St. Paul, and 
while there was the choice of the clergy of the diocese 
for assistant bishop, the laity failing to concur in his 
election. He was subsequently consecrated assistant 

18 Memorial Volume 

bishop of Kansas on May 4th, 1887, and on the death of 
Bishop Vail, became bishop of the diocese. He died 
March 9, 1895. 

During- the rectorship of the Rev. E. S. Thomas, the 
Parish school was reopened with two teachers, a teacher 
of English and a teacher of music, and a schoolhouse was 
built at an expense of $650. The number of families in- 
creased from eighty to one hundred ; the number of com- 
municants from 127 to 155, and the weekly ofierings for 
current expenses from $20 to $32. The usual attendance 
upon the public services were nearly doubled. The choir 
in those days consisted of Julius H. Clark, organist; J. 
Kearney Rogers, precentor; E. H. Guerney, R. P. Olm- 
stead and N. P. S. Thomas. The Sunday school was 
organized with G. F. Bolles and reorganized with Francis 
Suydam Kuse superintendent, and numbered sixty chil- 

At a meeting of the vestry, held at the residence of 
Mr. W. P. Westfall, on the 22nd day of March, 1875, a 
call was extended to the Rev. Sidney Corbett, D. D., of 
Quincy, 111., who accepted and became rector of the Parish 
in June of the same year. He held the office until Janu- 
ary 4th, 1880. During his pastorate some of the parish- 
ioners became dissatisfied and a new Parish, St. Paul's, 
was organized. 

The then vacant Parish was supplied for a time by the 
Rev. W. W. Raymond, and on March 6th a call was ex- 
tended to the Rev. Malon Norris Gilbert, of Helena, 
Mont. Upon his declination, the Rev. T. B. Wells, D.D., 
was elected rector, and entered upon his long and success- 
ful rectorate on October 17th, 1880. Under his adminis- 
tration the parish so increased that notwithstanding the 
number of families who withdrew to form the Parish 

Saint Mark's Parish 19 

of St. Pauls, additional accommodations were found 
necessary, and two transepts were added to the Church 
building to provide for the congregation. This en- 
largement was completed in 1884 at a cost of about $7,- 
500. The Parish grew strong within and without. 
Missionary activities were abundantly maintained. 
The offerings for ten years were $172,385.00 of which 
$15,499.55 were for missionary purposes. In 1883 an 
industrial school was started by Mrs. Wells for the 
children of the poorer classes which has been carried 
on until the present time, and has been the means of 
doing much good to the many girls who have attended. 
"A Parish Building was begun, determining St. Marks 
to be a down town Church for years to come." But its 
completion Doctor Wells was not destined to see. 
After eleven years of faithful service, broken in health, 
he sought recuperation in a sea voyage across the 
Pacific, but failing to derive the expected benefit he 
turned his face homeward from Japan and expired on 
the fifth day out from Yokohama. He was buried from 
St. Mark's Church on August 4th, 1891. The last official 
act of Doctor Wells was to attend a meeting of the Ves- 
try, and place in the hands of the wardens the plans and 
subscription list of the proposed parish house, which was 
completed as the T. B. Wells Memorial Building, at a 
cost of $7,117.15, and was formally opened by Bishop 
Whipple, on May 14th, 1892. 

In the fall of 1891 a call was extended to the Rev.. 
Harry P. Nichols of the Diocese of Connecticut, who 
accepted and entered on the rectorship of the Parish on 
February 14th, 1892. Under his vigorous administra- 
tion the Parish building became the center of many 
diversified activities, including the Industrial School, 

20 Memorial Volume 

Missionary Society, Boys' Club, Brotherhood of St, 
Andrew, Mothers' Club, etc. The Sunday School at- 
tained the summit of its prosperity, presenting offer- 
ings for the work of the Board of Missions at Easter 
which were the surprise and honor of the Diocese. For 
the enlargement of this down-town work the Rev. C. 
H. Remington was called as assistant minister on 
April 22nd, 1894. During the summer of 1895, in prep- 
aration for the entertainment of the General Conven- 
tion, the roof of the church was reshingled, the in- 
terior handsomely redecorated from designs by Mr. 
F. S. Bradstreet, a new window put into the chancel, 
electric light installed and extensive improvements 
made in the Parish Building; the total cost being about 

The Rev. Mr. Remington, after two years of devoted 
service, resigned at Easter, 1896, and became Rector 
of St. Marks Church, Fort Dodge, Iowa. Thereupon 
the Rev. C. L. Wells, Professor of History at the Uni- 
versity of Minnesota, took up his work in part during 
the years 1896-7, until called away to New Orleans. 

During the year 1896 the old rectory, no longer suit- 
able for residence by reason of the changed conditions. 
Sixth Street having become the patrol limit, and 
crowded with saloons, was moved to the rear, fitted up 
for the Boys' Club, and a business block erected on 
Sixth Street as a future endownment of the Parish, 
at a cost of $10,603.27. 

In August, 1898, the Rev. George Herbert Thomas 
was called to be assistant minister, and served the 
Parish most acceptably until called to the Rectorship 
of All Saints Church in this City. 

To the great regret of the congregation, in the sum- 

Saint Mark's Parish 21 

mer of 1899, the Rev. Mr. Nichols received a call from 
Holy Trinity Church, New York, which he felt con- 
strained to accept, terminating his Rectorship on July 
17th. Thereupon the Vestry extended a call to the 
Rev. Thomas MacLean, of Trinity Church, Bay City, 
Michigan, who accepted and entered upon the Rector- 
ship on December 17th, 1899. He held the position 
until Easter Monday, April 13th, 1903. 

For several years the Parish had the benefit of the 
services of Miss Pauline Weidensee, a trained deacon- 
ess, who resigned Sept. 1st, 1905, to accept a mission- 
ary appointment under the Bishop of Porto Rico. 

In the fall of 1902, the financial condition of the Par- 
ish was such that it was decided to increase the mortgage 
on the block to $17,500, which was accordingly done. 

During the summer of 1903, after mature delibera- 
tion, it vv^as decided to ask the Rt. Rev. Samuel Cool<, 
Edsall, D. D., Bishop of the diocese, to become Rector 
of the Parish, make the Church his Pro-Cathedral and 
appoint two Vicars to prosecute the work. The Bishop 
accepted the oiler, and, with the concurrence of the 
Vestry, appointed the Rev. Charles Edgar Plaupt, 
Archdeacon of the Diocese, and the Rev. George 
Heathcote Hills, of Atlanta, Georgia, as Vicars. They 
took charge of the Parish on the first of September, 
and, with the Bishop, were formally instituted on 
September 6th, 1903. 

During the year 1904, the Church was handsomely 
redecorated, the system of electric lighting altered, two 
large electroliers inserted, a beautiful chapel formed of 
the former vestry, a new sacristy built, extensive 
alterations and improvements made in the Parish 
House, the approach relaid and the entire Church re- 
carpeted ; the cost being about $4,200. 

22 Memorial Volume 

In spite of the prosperous condition of the Parish, 
it was found increasingly difficult to maintain the rev- 
enue, and to induce persons coming to Minneapolis 
to make St. Marks their Church home. The constant 
removals creating vacancies which could not be filled, 
owing to the distance from the residence districts of 
the city. These conditions led the members of the 
Vestry to look toward the future of St. Marks with 
anxiety. In the latter part of 1906, so many offers were 
made for the property on Sixth Street that the Parish 
was called together to consider the advisability of 
placing it on the market. To many of the members 
of St. Marks, not conversant with the difficulties of 
the situation, the thought of demolishing the dear old 
Church seemed little short of sacrilege ; when, how- 
ever, the conditions were fully understood, consent 
was given at a Parish meeting held on Wednesday, 
January 2, 1907. A condition precedent having been 
attached, that, from the proceeds of the sale, a suit- 
able sum should be set apart for the erection and main- 
tenance of a down town chapel and institutional plant. 
The vestry having received an offer of $275,000 and 
having secured the consent of the Standing Committee 
of the Diocese, a sale was consummated, at that price, 
with Mr. J. E. Andrus, of New York, in April, 1907. 
At a subsequent Parish meeting the Committee on 
Sites submitted maps and diagrams showing no less 
than seven possible locations for the new Church, 
After a long and full discussion, by an overwhelming 
majority the meeting decided upon the location at 
Hennepin Avenue and Oak Grove Street, and author- 
ized the Committee to purchase the same for the sum 
of $55,000 of ^Irs. H. T. Welles. 

Saint Mark's Parish 23 

Owing to the circumstances arising- out of the sale 
and relocation of St. Marks, in the interest of har- 
mony and equality among all the Parishes of the city, 
the Bishop thought best to resign the Rectorship of 
the Parish on January 29th, 1907. Thereupon the 
Rev. C. Edgar Haupt and the Rev. G. Heathcote Hills 
were elected Associate Rectors. 

After mature deliberation the sum of $50,000 was set 
apart in accordance with the resolution of the Parish, 
for the erection and maintenance of the down-town 
chapel and institutional plant; Mr. E. H. Hewitt was 
engaged as architect, and active steps taken in ma- 
turing plans for the new Church. At first it was pro- 
posed to erect the church with a basement for the 
various parish activities, leaving the Parish House for 
some succeeding generation to build, but the cost of a 
basement properly fitted up for such purposes, proved 
to be so great, and the disadvantages so serious, that 
it was decided to proceed with the erection of the 
Parish House with all dispatch in the hope that it 
might be completed by the time the old Church must 
be vacated, and might be available for services until 
such time as the new Church might be ready for occu- 

On Wednesday, August 14th, 1907, the plans for the 
Parish House having been adopted and a contract 
for the concrete piling having been let to G. W. Oakes 
& Co., Bishop Edsall, Mr. W. S. Dwinnell, Mr. George 
H. Christian, Mr. J. B. Robinson, Mr. Hector Baxter, Mr. 
E. H. Hewitt and the Rev. Mr. Haupt, assembled on 
the site to break the ground, dedicate the enterprise, 
and witness the driving of the first pile. Standing in 
front of the pile-driver, with the workmen gathered 

24 Memorial Volume 

aromid, the Rev. Mr. Haupt conducted a short relig- 
ious service and the Bishop pronounced the benedic- 
tion. The contract for the superstructure was awarded 
to 2\Iessrs. Pike and Cook on February 14, 1908, and 
work resumed early in April. 

As it was found impossible to complete the Parish 
House by I'.Iay 10th, the date of the delivery of the 
Sixth Street property to IMr. Andrus, the purchaser, 
a contract was made with the Handicraft Guild for the 
use of their hall at 89 South Tenth Street until the 
end of August. Immediately after Easter, therefore, 
on April 20, 1908, the work of demolishing the old 
church began. The pews and furnishings were stored 
at 112 Western Avenue and the lumber and materials 
taken to Eleventh Street and Western x'Vvenue to be 
used in the construction of the Institutional building 
proposed to be erected. During the month of July the 
old Church was torn down to make room for the erec- 
tion of a business block. The corner-stone was un- 
covered in the presence of Mr. Llewlyn Christian, Mr. 
C. M. Elarrington, Mr. V. H. Van Slyke, Mr. O. W. 
Miller and Mr. Geo. E. Higgins, and delivered to the 
Vestry on Tuesday, July 21st, and is to be built into 
the new church. The sealed box was placed in a safe 
deposit vault in the custody of Mr. V. H. Van Slyke. 

On Sunday, September 27th, the Parish House being 
sufficiently completed to allow of the use of the audito- 
rium, the building was dedicated to its uses in a special 
service by the Rt. Rev. S. C. Edsall, D.D., Bishop of the 
Diocese, assisted by the associate rectors. A corporate 
communion of workers was held at nine o'clock, at which 
thirty-nine received. The Sunday School session was 
held at 9 :45 a. m., with an attendance of 132. A souvenir 


;h A s r 



I S70- 1875 

Saint Mark's Parish 25 

picture of the new Parish House was presented to every 
child present at this service. At eleven o'clock the morn- 
ing service was held with an attendance that taxed the 
building-. No evening service was held until the first 
Sunday in October. 

Satisfactory bids having been received for the con- 
struction of the Church it v/as decided early in August to 
proceed with the contract for the foundation which vv^as 
let to Messrs. Pike & Cook, for the sum of $8,500. On 
Monday, August 17th, the building was measured and 
stakes set, and the ground was broken on Thursday, Au- 
gust 20. It is planned to lay the cornerstone on Sunday, 
November 15, at three o'clock. 

26 Memorial Volume 

IRecroloQi^ anb fiDemorials 

Looking back from the present into the past, through the 
vista of forty years, many honorable names stand out in the 
history of the Parish. First in order of time must be 
placed the names of the Rev. David Buel^SIickerbacker 
and John C. Reno^ to whom the beginnings of the work 
were due. 

The vestry assembled on April 14, 1902, to pass resolu- 
tions of regret and sympathy on the occasion of the death 
of Mr. Reno. 

The first Senior Warden of the Parish was Mr. Wm. T. 
Lee, a man of exemplary life and great generosity. 
Though one of the largest contributors to the building of 
the church he was not permitted to see its completion. He 
died in August, 1870. 

To no one man does the Parish owe so much as to the 
late Henry T. Welles, a man so modest and retiring that 
he left no memorial of himself, but preferred that his 
works should speak for him. The Parish will but do jus- 
tice to his memory and honor itself in naming the new 
Parish House for him. He died March 5, 1898. 

The original incorporators of the Parish, mentioned on 
another page, have all passed away, with the exception of 
Mr. C. M. Hardenburgh, living at Lake Minnetonka, Mr. 
Jas. L. Spink, living at Big Lake, and Mr. James Muri- 
son, living v/ith his daughter, Mrs. J. M. Outram, the 
treasurer of the Parish. 

At the opening service of the church on Christmas day, 
1870, the altar, which has been used ever since, was pre- 
sented by the mother of Mrs. James L. Spink, Mrs. Elisha 
Eldred, of Milwaukee, Wis. The Reredos was given by 

Saint Mark's Parish 27 

Mrs. W. P. Westfall and Airs. H. T. Welles. The lectern 
Bible and service books were presented by Mrs. Spink's 
sister, Miss Sarah E. Eldred, of Milwaukee, Wis. The 
Bible was illuminated by hand by Mr. T. A. Murphy, who 
also presented the credence table. The altar, Bishop's 
chair and sedilia were designed and the carving superin- 
tended by the Rev. Mr. Bradley and made by Mr. P. T. 
Winnen. They were paid for in part by the Ladies' Aid 
Society, who furnished the carpet and hassocks. The 
pulpit was made by the same man and from the same wood, 
supplied by some of the unused_ seats, about the year 1893. 

In addition to his large subscription to the building of 
the church, a private communion set was presented to the 
"Rector of St. Mark's," by the Rev. E. G. Gear. The 
cross which for so many years adorned the altar of St. 
Mark's was the gift of Sister Christina (Sarah Hallett 
Bovey), of the Sisterhood of the Holy Nativity. During 
a visit to her relatives in Minneapolis, Sister Christina 
gave an address in St. Mark's Guild Room, and it was 
after this visit that she presented the cross, she having 
been confirmed in St. Mark's Church by Bishop Whipple. 
She died greatly beloved by the members of her order, at 
the age of 36 years, a martyr to the cause. 

Upon the death of Mrs. Wm. T. Lee five thousand dol- 
lars were left to the Parish, forming what has since been 
known as the Mary C. Lee Fund, the income of which was 
directed to be administered by the Rector of the Parish for 
the benefit of needy women and children, and has proved 
a most valuable supplement to the communion alms in the 
hands of the clergy. The fund was received in November, 
1882, and is still intact, though a large portion of it has 
yielded no income for years through the default of one of 
the mortgagors. The revenue is about $20 a month. 

28 Memorial Volume 

The font, though not a memorial in name, stands as a 
witness to the devotion of a poor widow, a woman sculp- 
tress, Mrs. M. H. Peasley, who went to Chicago, selected 
the marble and made the font herself, charging only for 
her expenses. 

The carved woodwork over the organ door by the font 
was made from the design of Mr. Harry Robinson and 
presented by the Ladies' Aid Society. 

The brass lectern was presented by the young people of 
the church about the year 1893. 

In April, 1896, the St. Hilda's Guild presented the two 
brass standard lights with which the sanctuary is illumin- 

Of the altar furnishings one set of fair linen was pre- 
sented by Miss White, and one set by Mrs. W. B. Folds, 
who purchased it and had it embroidered while she was in 

The memorial silver now in use in the celebration of the 
Holy Communion was procured during the rectorship of 
the Rev. Mr. Nichols. One of the chalices was presented 
by Mrs. John Bigelow, in memory of Mr. Wells Gardiner, 
one of the incorporators of the Parish. The Flagon is a 
memorial to Lavinia Jackson Neiler, presented by her 
children, April 22nd, 1893. The Credence Patten is a 
memorial to Emma V. A. Lockwood ; and the Baptismal 
Shell was given in loving remembrance of Carleton H. 
Corse, born^July 12, 1892, died January 24, 1894. 

A very handsome cabinet for the fair linen and altar 
hangings, made of antique oak in Gothic design, with 
drawers of red cedar, was presented by Mrs. H. T. 

The Altar Desk was given as a thank-offering in 1903, 
by G. Heathcote Hills. 

Saint Mark's Parish 29 

In 1904, Mrs. Hovey C. Clark presented the altar and 
furnishings for the chapel, and Mrs. H. T. Welles gave 
the chapel chairs. The very handsome altar cross and 
vases, the v>^ork of Geissler & Company, were given in 
1906 as a memorial to Henrietta Welles, by her mother, 
Mrs. Henry T. Welles. They were used for the first time 
on Easter Day, 1906. 

The processional cross v/as presented by Mr. Charles M. 
Harrington, junior warden, and was carried for the first 
time on the first Sunday after Easter, 1907. 

There are ten memorial windows in the church, the most 
important of which are in the transepts. On the north 
side is a very handsome La Farge window, representing 
the Madonna San Sisto and bearing the inscription "In 
Memoriam Marian Reno Darrah, born July 28, 1817; 
died August 8, 1869." On either side of this window is a 
smaller one in very beautiful glass, with a medallion of a 
child head in each. One bears no inscription and the 
other reads "In Memoriam Mary Linton, born January 
29, 1867, died July 26, 1867." 

In the south transept, where the rays of the sun bring 
out all their brilliancy, are the Christian, Case and Snider 
windows. The former representing the Christ as the Light 
of the world and bearing the inscription, "In loving mem- 
ory of Mary Ellen Hall, wife of J. A. Christian." The 
Case window is inscribed with the words, "In loving mem- 
ory of Miriam Case, born January 3, 1878, died November 
1, 1887." The Snider window bears the words "In affec- 
tionate remembrance of Robert Samuel Snider, born Feb- 
ruary 19, 1882, died April 15, 1883." In the north isle is 
the Spink window, inscribed "In memoriam Alice Spink, 
died 1864. James Herbert Spink, died July 18, 1867." In 
the north transept is the Lee window, with the inscrip- 

30 Memorial Volume 

tion, "In memoriam Wm. T. Lee, First Senior Warden 
of this church. Died August 28, 1870. Thou good and 
faithful servant ; thou hast been faithful over a few things, 
I will make thee ruler over many things." Next to the 
Lee window is the Collins window, inscribed "In memori- 
am Eliza Collins, died August 8, 1869." In the entrance 
of the chapel is a fine piece of glass of conventional de- 
sign bearing the inscription "In memoriam Edward Brad- 
ford Barnes, 1866-1895. I will give you rest." 

Though not among the original incorporators of the 
Parish Mr. R. B. Langdon soon identified himself with 
its affairs and was an active and faithful vestryman from 
October, 1870, to the date of his death, July 24, 1895. 
The large brass alms basin was presented by Mrs. Lang- 

In November, 1879, Mr. Charles Walke, vestryman 
and treasurer of the Parish at the time, was called to his 
rest to the deep regret of his associates. 

In January, 1885, the vestry was called together to ex- 
press its sense of loss and regret over the death of Mr. 
VoLNEY S. Ireys, for many years a vestryman and valued 
counsellor of the Parish. 

It is obviously impracticable to give a complete list of 
the members of the Parish who, through all these years 
have fought the good fight and do now rest from their 
labors, but mention must be made of Hiram C. Trues- 
dale; Mrs. Gertrude (Darragh) Linton; Eliza D. 
Christian; Thomas Sidney Outram, for many years 
the treasurer of the Parish; and Mrs. Sarah Ann Wil- 
kinson. During the past year we have been called upon 
to mourn the departure of John Charlton, John Dun- 
ham and Frederick Paine, for many years a vestryman 
and lay reader, secretary of the standing committee and 
a most devout and faithful communicant. 

Saint Mark's Parish 31 


Mr. Clarence H. Childs is chairman of the ushering 
committee, being assisted by Mr. Howard S. Abbott, Mr. 
Hector Baxter and Mr. V. H. Van Slyke, of the vestry- 
men, and also by Mr. Wm. H. Keller, Mr. G. S. Pearce, 
Mr. Roy Shippam, Mr. George Lindsey McKewin and Mr. 
Fred Robinson, the latter serving in the evening and on 
special occasions. 

The position of an usher is not always an agreeable one, 
for persons are sometimes not as considerate of each other 
as they should be and a late comer is sometimes disposed 
to blame the usher if his or her pew is occupied. Although 
pews are assigned in St. Mark's, to enable families to sit 
together, and for convenience, yet they are not rented 
and owned by their holders, and persons who are not in 
their seats when the service begins may very properly be 
considered absent for that service and their seats vacated. 

The ushers give their services gratuitously and are en- 
titled to the utmost consideration. They will always be 
happy to rectify any mistake that may unwittingly occur, 
when politely requested to do so. Attendance in the 
House of God is an act of worship, courtesy and considera- 
tion are due to our fellow worshippers, and this we bespeak 
from all to all. 

32 Memorial Volume 

financial Si^stcm 

St. Mark's church is supported chiefly by the weekly 
pledges of its members. Since the day when St. Paul 
wrote his famous admonition to the Corinthians, no better 
plan for the support of the church has been devised. Some 
exceptions are made in the case of those who prefer to 
make a subscription and pay it each quarter. As a means 
of indicating what the pledges should be the finance com- 
mittee prepared a plan of the church showing the sittings 
and the amount each should return in order to cover the 
necessary expenses of maintenance. No one is denied a seat 
who is unable to pledge the full amount asked for the sit- 
ting, but it serves as an indication of the necessity for an 
adequate pledge. Persons are assigned seats with some 
reference therefore to the pledge they are able to make. 
When a pledge is received by the treasurer it is immediate- 
ly numbered and the person making it receives a package 
of envelopes bearing that number and dated for each Sun- 
day in the year, from April 1 to March 31. If any person 
misses a Sunday in attendance the amount of the pledge 
should be put in the envelope, sealed and brought the next 
Sunday. If a number of Sundays intervene, the treasurer 
prefers that the full amount in arrears be put in the en- 
velope of the date to which payment is made and the past 
due envelopes destroyed. As there are a number of objects 
for which the Diocesan Council has designated special of- 
fering there will be found envelopes of a different color, 
properly numbered and dated for these special objects. 
These envelopes should not be used for the payment of the 
pledges for Parish support, but serve as monitors to recall 
these special offerings in their order and should contain the 

Saint Mark's Parish 33 

amount each person desires to contribute to the object 
named. No pledge is too small if it worthily represents 
the devotion of the subscriber. In determining what the 
pledge should be, neither the necessities of the Parish nor 
the pledge of one's neighbor should be the determining 
factor. The question is simply "How much owest thou 
unto thy Lord ?" It is a matter of proportion. Our duty 
to our God precedes our duty to our neighbor, and our 
pledge for the support of the church should bear a due 
proportion to our income. The law of tithe has never 
been repealed and is the minimum for persons in moderate 
circumstances; persons in affluence should use a larger 
ratio. "Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that 
there may be meat in mine house, and prove me now here- 
with, saith the Lord of Hosts, if I will not open you the 
windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that 
there shall not be room enough to receive it." 

34 Memorial Volume 



Receipts for Year Ending March 31, 1908. 

Current pledges $ 6.678.66 

Old pledges 402.72 

Plate offerings 780.81 

Special subscriptions 55.00 

Communion alms 232.67 

Late offering for circle fund 9.50 

Kindergarten and Deaconess 420.00 

Choir outing fund 94.46 

Late Easter offerings 43.45 

Loan St. Mark's building 2,550.00 

Rents 116.00 

Lighting of Parish House 18.40 

Miscellaneous receipts 1,715.33 

Total receipts $13,117.00 

Cash on hand April 1, 1907 1,392.71 

$ 14,509.71 $ 14,509.71 


Church expenses, current year: 

Salaries of Rectors $ 4,800.00 

One-half Treasurer's salary 200.00 

Salary of Deaconess 290.00 

Music 1,885.70 

One-half wages of Janitor 255.00 

Lighting 461.78 

Fuel . 571.67 

Repairs 84.59 

Insurance, interest and taxes 279.74 

Telephones 104.00 

Printing ■ • • 155.53 

Miscellaneous, including supplies, 
care of organ, postage, laundering 

vestments, etc 381.52 

Total disbursements $ 9,469.53 

Cash on hand March 31, 1908 139.02 

Total $ 9,608.55 $ 9,608.55 

Saint Mark's Parish 35 

Payment for special purposes: 

Breck school $ 44.00 

Seabury Divinity school 34.15 

Building, church 7.85 

Sheltering Arms 122.17 

St. Barnabas hospital 33.05 

General missions 591.00 

Aged and infirm clergy fund 143.15 

Church home for aged 27.72 

Diocesan treasurer 887.50 

Bills payable 1,000.00 

Missionary thank offering 233.50 

Lake Benton burned church 20.37 

Special subscriptions 23.00 

Circle fund and Kindergarten 862.00 

Church Extension Society 532.25 

Special fund, Bishops and Rectors 

including communion alms 339.45 

Total special payments $ 4,901.16 $ 4,901.16 

Total $ 14,509.71 



Cash on hand $ 139.02 

Unpaid pledges 390.00 

Balance due bills receivable 102.80 

Total assets $ 631.82 $ 631.82 


St. Mark's building loan $ 3,150.00 

Total liabilities $ 3,150.00 $ 3,150.00 


Rents $ 6,830.00 

Interest on deposits 16.22 

Total receipts $ 6,846.22 

Cash on hand April 1, 1907 34.98 

Total $ 6,881.20 $ 6,881.20 

36 Memorial Volume 


Loan to St. Mark's church $ 2,550.00 

One-half Treasurer's salary 200.00 

One-half Janitor's wages 255.00 

Repairs 250.70 

Insurance, interest and taxes 1,837.49 

Lighting 17.87 

Incidentals 187.05 

Fuel 437.16 

Total disbursements $ 5,735.27 

Cash on hand March 31, 1908 1,145.93 

Total $ 6,881.20 $ 6,881.20 



Due from St. Mark's church $ 3,150.00 

Unpaid rent 256.67 

Cash on hand 1,145.93 

Total assets $ 4,552.60 $ 4,552.60 

Mortgage indebtedness $ 10,500.00 

Total liabilities $ 10,500.00 $ 10,500.00 

The large amount of cash on hand in the church treasury, 
viz., $1,392.71, at the close of last fiscal year is explained by 
the fact that Easter Sunday, 1907, occurred on March 31, 
1907, and the Easter offering taken on that day had not yet 
been disbursed. 

All of which is respectfully submitted, 


H. S. Abbott, Chairman Finance Committee. 
Dated at Minneapolis, Minn., April 1st, 1908. 


The condition of the several Trust Funds of the Parish, 
for the year ending April 1st, 1908, is as follows: 

Organ Trust Fund. 

To amount of trust, no interest credited $ 2.00 

Saint Mark's Parish 37 

Tower Trust Fund. 


April 1. To amount of trust, per annual 

report, 1907 $ 65.91 

To interest accumulated since 

last report 3.72 


April 1. By amount in Farmers' & Me- 
chanics Svgs. Bank $ 18.03 

By B. F. Raymond's first mort- 
gage 51.60 

Endowment Trust Fund. 


April 1. To amount of trust per annual 

report, 1907 $1,359.01 

To interest accumulated during 

year 77.25 


April 1. By amount in Farmers' & Me- 
chanics' Svgs. Bank $ 350.86 

By B. F. Raymond's first mort- 
gage 1,085.40 

$ 69.63 

$ 69.63 



Mary Lee Trust Fund. 

The dwelling, 2829 Columbus Ave., representing $1,500 of 
this fund, continues to be rented at $20.00 per month. The 
income is paid to the clergy for charity work. The Jackson 
mortgage, representing the balance of this fund, or $3,500.00, 
has been settled this day by an understanding with Mr. A. B. 
Jackson, by which he deeds the land to the Parish and the 
Parish cancels the debt. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Chairman Trust Funds Committee. 

38 Memorial Volume 

^be SuuDai? Scbool 

The condition of religious education in America is 
exceedingly unsatisfactory. The Public Schools have 
been thoroughly secularized, and there is very little 
systematic religious instruction even in Christian 
homes. Practically the only agency for the religious 
instruction of the children, apart from Church boarding 
schools, is the Sunday School. Its importance cannot 
be over emphasized, and its efficiency should be in- 
creased in every possible way. 

"Ye shall teach these statutes unto your children." 
Parents, do not neglect the religious instruction of 
your child. 

It is but justice in this place to acknowledge the 
faithfulness and devotion of the ofificers and teachers 
of the school. For many years our faithful Lay Super- 
indendent, Mr. Hector Baxter, has not missed a Sun- 
day except when out of the city or when called away 
to read the service in some vacant mission station. 
Teachers of the Sunday School are justly entitled to 
the consideration of parents whose children they train 
in matters of religion, with no compensation other 
than the joy of a good conscience and often without 
any expression of appreciation. Parents are asked 
to call on the teacher of their child and to co-operate 
with the school by seeing that the lesson is learned 
at home and that the discipline of the school is en- 


Saint Mark's Parish 39 


Every Scholar present Every Sunday. 

Every Scholar present On Time. 

Every Scholar studying the lesson at home. 

Every Scholar saying private prayers at home. 

Every Parent helping the Scholars in the home work. 

Graded Course of Studies. 

Grade 1 — Stories from the Old and New Testament, and the 
Lord's Prayer. 


Grade 2 — Bible stories. The Church Catechism, illustrated. 

Creed, Lord's Prayer, Ten Commandments. 
Grade 3 — The Church Catechism, illustrated. 


Class cf 1913. 

Grade 4 — Old Testament stories. — First year. Memoriter 
work, Text. Selections from the Psalms and the Beati- 

Class cf 1912. 

Grade 5 — Old Testament stories. Second year. Memoriter 
work, Text. Books of the Old Testament. 

Class of 1911. 

Grade 6 — Life of Jesus Christ. Junior Historical. Memoriter 
work, Text. Books of the New Testament. 

Class of 1910. 

Grade 7 — Life of Jesus Christ. Senior Historical. Memoriter 
work, Collect, Names of Apostles, Matt, x, 2-4, 1 Cor., 13. 

Class of 1909. 

Grade 8 — Acts of the Apostles and Life of St. Paul. Memor- 
iter work, Collect for the Day. 
Bible Classes — Studies elective. 

40 Memorial Volume 

The course of instruction his been carefully arranged for 
the 40 Sundays, from September 6th to June 6th. Any child 
who misses one lesson breaks the sequence of the course and 
is a loser thereby. 



Lay Superintendent — Hector Baxter. 
Secretary — Wilson L. Gould. 
', Assistant Secretary — Charles Alcock. 

Treasurer — Stevens Crouse. 

Primary Department. 

Miss Edith M. Pye. 
Intermediate Department. 

' Mrs. D. F. Thompson. 

Miss Florence Gibson. 
Miss Audrey Homan. 
Miss Ethel Shippam. 
Miss Irene Taylor. 

Grade III. Old Testament. 

Mr. Stevens Crouse. 
Miss Grace Powers. 

Grade IV. Old Testament. 

Miss Violet Hills. 
' Mr. Roy Shippam. 

Grade V. New Testament. 

Miss Gertrude McGraw. 

Grade VI. New Testament. 

Miss L. E. Miller. 
Miss Marion R. Gould. 
; Miss Beatrice Hills. 

Saint Mark's Parish 41 

Grade VII. Acts cf the Apostles. 

Mr. Geo. W. Terry. 
Miss Mabel Wilkinson. 
Miss Lilian W. Newlin. 

Bible Classes. 

Miss Katharine Carle. 
Mr. Arthur Zacke. 
Mrs. C. H. Grouse. 
Mrs. R. H. Passmore. 
Rev. C. E. Haupt. 

The enrollment of the Sunday School at Easter, 
1908, was: Officers, 4; Teachers, 21; Scholars, 163. 
Total, 188. 


Report of St. Mark's Sunday School from May 1st, 1907, 
to May 1st, 1908: 

Balance on May 1st, 1907 $148.59 

From offerings 243.38 

From offerings 56.81 


To Sunday School expenses $124.34 

To Easter offering, 1907 114.41 

To Advent offering, 1908; 47.92 

To assessment, 1908 8.00 

To Easter offering, 1908 127.43 

$422.10 422.10 

To balance May 1st, 1908 $ 26.68 


Amount of fund $100.32 

Expenditures 87.16 

Balance $13.16 


42 Memorial Volume 


As every member of the Church is a member of the 
missionary organization, every member of the Sun- 
day School is a member of the Junior Auxiliary to 
the Board of Missions. It holds its sessions on the 
Third Sunday of each month at the close of the lesson 
for the day. The offering of that day is given to some 
missionary object as voted by the Juniors. All the 
classes are named for a Missionary Bishop. The offer- 
ings at Easter are given to the Board of Missions for 
the salary of the Rt. Rev. Jas. H. Van Buren, D. D., 
Bishop of Porto Rico, and at Christmas to Bishop Ed- 
sall for work in the Diocese of Minnesota. 


Secretary — Miss Marie Tombler. 
Treasurer — Mr. Roy Shippam. 


Primary — Bishop Griswold, Saliiia. 
Intermediate — Bishop Paddock, East Oregon. 
]\Ir. Crouse — Bishop Rowc, Alaska. 
Miss Powers— Bishop Funston, Idaho. 
IMiss Hills — Bishop Greaves, Kearney. 
Mr. Shippam — Bishop Ristarich, Honolulu. 
Miss McGraw — Bishop Aves, Mexico. 
Miss Miller— Bishop Mann, North Dakota. 
Miss Gould — Bishop Keator, Olympia. 
Miss Hills— Bishop Van Buren, Porto Rico. 
Miss Newton — Bishop Moreland, Sacramento. 
Miss Wilkinson — Bishop Brooke, Oklahoma. 
Mr. Terry — Bishop Brent, Philippines. 
Miss Carle — Bishop Roots, Hankow, China. 
Mr. Zacke — Bishop Spalding, Utah. 
Mrs. Crouse — Bishop Hare, South Dakota. 
Mrs. Passmore — Bishop Gray, South Florida. 
Mr. Haupt— Bishop Wells, Spokane. 



Saint Mark's Parish 43 




Easter, 1907, to Easter, 1903. 


Balance on hand Easter, March 31, 1907 $12.38 

Offering April 20, 1907 5.15 

Offering May 19, 1907 3.79 

Offering September 15, 1907 3.02 

Offering October 20, 1907 3.64 

Offering November 19, 1907 4.43 

Offering December 15, 1907 4.40 

Valley Forge offering 54 

Offering January 28, 1908 3.81 

Offering February 16, 1908 4.03 

Offering March 15, 1908 4.23 

Total $49.42 


March 20, 1907. Bishop Van Buren $ 5.00 

Bishop Funston 5.00 

Bishop Aves 5.00 

September 15, 1907. Bishop McKim 5.00 

P. O. Money Order 08 

Postage 05 

December 15, 1907. Valley Forge church 5.00 

Advent offering Bishop EdsalL... 10.00 
Bishop Spalding 1.00 

Total $36.13 

Balance on hand $13.29 



44 Memorial Volume 


The care of the Altar in the early days was chiefly 
in the hands of committees appointed from time to 
time. During the incumbency of Doctor Wells, Airs. 
Wells did a large part of the work herself, bring as- 
sisted at the great festivals by ladies specially ap- 
pointed for the occasion. 

In 1896 the Chancel Guild under the direction of 
the Rev. H. P. Nichols, was organized as follows : 

St. Mark's Chancel Guild, 1896. 

Rev. H. p. Nichols, Rector. 

Mrs. H. T. Welles, President. 

Mrs. E. I. Whittlesy, Vice-President. 

Miss F. S. Welles, Treasurer. 

The Service Committee was composed of twelve 
members of the guild — two serving together one 
month in every six — the work was directed by Mr. 

Six or seven members of the Parish gave liberally 
to the work of the guild, others as associate members 
paid one dollar a year. 

White flowers were placed on the altar the first Sun- 
day of the month by the guild. 

The guild paid for the laundrying of the surplices of 
the rector and the assistant. 

Cards were printed and sent to two members of the 
service committee at the end of each month notifying 
them that they should be on duty the following month. 

Mrs. Frederic Paine had charge of the hangings and, 
with Mrs. Whittlesy, embroidered the set of white 
broad cloth. 

Saint Mark's Parish 45 

Mrs. H. T. Welles gave the green and purple hang- 
ings and the oak cedar lined cabinet for the use of the 
chancel guild. 

I'.Irs. R. B. Langdon gave an embroidered fair linen 
cloth. The guild presented Mr. Nichols with a cas- 

Rev. T. W. McLean, Rector. 

Mr. McLean met with the chancel guild giving help- 
ful talks on the work. Mrs. S. B. Meader was Choir 

Miss Martha Hilliker had charge of the linen for the 
altar and two or three members in turn did the laun- 

Mrs. C. F. Welles was appointed chairman of the 
committee on memorial flowers as it was her sugges- 
tion that members of the parish be asked to give mem- 
orial flowers for each Sunday in the year. 

Mrs. W. B. Folds got designs in England for the 
small linen pieces for the altar and had them worked 
in Switzerland when spending a summer there and 
gave them to St. Mark's on her return. 

They are now used on Christmas and Easter. 

Rev. G. Heathcote Hills. 

The Altar Guild was organized in 1903 by the Rev. 
George Heathcote Hills, with an active membership of 
about 25. The officers are: President, Mrs. A. W. 
Abbott; vice-president, Miss Catherine Welles ; sec- 
retary, Mrs. Geo. P. Case ; treasurer, Miss Elsie Stone. 

There are several important committees, each having 
its special duty. The committee on clergy vestments 
and altar hangings, jMrs. Howard McL Morton, Miss 

46 Memorial Volume 

Welles and Miss Higgins, take full charge of the ward- 
robes and closets in the sacristy. The choir vestments 
are in charge of Mrs. Perry L. Norris, and the com- 
mittee on brass and silver, Miss Gibson, Mrs. Patten, 
Mrs. Pierson and Mrs. G. W. Case, burnish the com- 
munion silver and brasses once every month. 

The committee on flowers, Mrs. Howard McI. Mor- 
ton, Mrs. Hudson, Aliss Wilkinson and Miss L. E. 
Miller, order the flowers for the altar, notify the per- 
sons who have memorial Sundays and attend to the 
distribution of them to those who are ill in the Parish 
or to the hospitals. The plan of placing flowers upon 
the altar in memory of our departed relatives or 
friends has proved a success, as is evidenced by the 
fact that there are thirty memorial Sundays out of 
the fifty-two. 

The service committee is composed of twenty-four 
members, two of which are on duty every month, and 
who take charge of the arrangement of the sanctuary 
every Sunday. These members fill the altar vases with 
flowers, arrange the Communion service, mark the les- 
sons, light the candelabra and see that everything is 
in its proper place at the close of service. 

The members of the Service Committee are as fol- 

January — Mrs. Roy Pierson, Miss M. L. Edsall. 

February — Mrs. Howard McI. Morton, Miss Flor- 
ence Gibson. 

March— Miss C. J. Welles, Miss Laura E. Miller. 

April — Mrs. W. S. Dwinnell, Mrs. Geo. Case. 

May— Mrs. Clive T. Jaffray, Miss Beatrice Hills. 

June— Mrs. George E. Leach, Mrs. Walter G. Hud- 

Saint Mark's Parish 47 

July — Mrs. Higgins, Miss Mabel Wilkinson. 

August — Mrs. Wm. Passmore. 

September — Mrs. H. McI. Morton, Miss Florence 

October — Miss Elsie Stone, Miss Lutie Reade. 

November— Mrs. C. E. Lyman, Mrs. A. W. Abbott. 

December — Mrs. Jewett, Mrs. Holbrook. 

Through the efforts of the Guild, the women of the 
Parish presented the Rectors with handsome black silk 
cassocks on Christmas, just passed. These were much 
needed and greatly appreciated. 

48 Memorial Volume 


The following is a list of communicants of the Par- 
ish at Easter, 1908. It is published in the hope of 
correcting the list. There are 123 names that can- 
not be found in the directory or identified. When 
persons remove without notifying the clergy of the 
change in their address their names must of necessity 
be taken from the card index and held in suspense 
until the publication of the next directory or some 
circumstance reveals their location. Some mistakes in 
this list are to be expected and will gladly be corrected 
when pointed out. Persons who have brought no 
letters of transfer may be disappointed in not finding 
their names here. The clergy will be most happy to 
take the necessary steps to add the names of any per- 
sons who desire, and who should be enrolled as com- 


Canon XIV, Sec. 1. A communicant of this Church 
changing by removal or otherwise his or her parochial 
connection, shall present a certificate from the Clergy- 
man of the Parish of his or her last residence, or, if 
there be no Clergyman, from one of the Wardens, 
stating that he or she is. a communicant in good stand- 
ing; and the Clergyman of a Parish into which a com- 
municant removes shall not be required to record his 
or her name on the Parish list until such a letter of 
commendation shall be delivered or a satisfactory rea- 
son given why such a letter cannot be obtained. 


RECTOR 1880-189 1 

Saint Mark's Parish 


Sec. 2. It is made the duty of every communicant, 
by the Canon of the General Convention, to apply on 
removal, for a certificate of his or her standing. This 
letter of commundation, if not presented in six months 
from date, may be held to be void, and is not to be 
used as a general testimonial. 

Austin, Mrs. Isabelle McHugh 

Austin, Miss Isabelle 

Austin, Mr. Charles Carlise 

Ames, Mrs. E. B. 

Austin, Miss Sarah E. 

Anderson, Mrs. (Douglass) 

Austin, Mrs. Helen Eunice 

Ainsworlh, Mrs. S. C. 

Ainsworlh, W. G. 

Appelby, William Remsen 

Appelby, Mrs. Elizabeth W. 

Abbott, Helen Griswold (Mrs. A. 

Abbott, Mrs. E. T. 
Abbott, Mrs. Mabel Louise 
Abbott, Mary Louise (Mrs. Howard S.) 
Appleton, Mrs. F. G. 
Atkinson, T. S. 
Atkinson, Miss Minnie 
Abbott, Howard S. 
Abbott, Miss Helen 
Ainsworlh, Walden 
Alcock, Charles 
Anderson, Wm. Austin 
Anderson, Isabel B. 
Ainsworlh, Gladys 
Arnold, Daisy Frances 
Abbott, Elizabeth Marie 
Aylmer, Arthur Lovell 
Aylmer, Henrietta G. (Mrs. A. L.) 
Alther, Arthur 
Baxter, Hector 

Baxter, Cornelia Barnes (Mrs. H.) 
Benner, Franklin 

Barber, Jennie M. (Mrs. H. H.) 
Brooks, Caroline (Mrs. W. F.) 
Brown, Margaret G. (Mrs. C. E.) 
Burhyte, Mrs. R. S. 
Burhyte, Jennie, married G. V. McHugh 
Beck. Mrs. G. R. 

Beck, James Flournoy 
Bigelow, Julia B. (Mrs. J.) 
Beck, Miss Lillie 
Brown, John Franklin 
Brown, Sophia Littlejohn (Mrs. J. F.) 
Brown, Thomas Littlejohn 
Brown, Mrs. Eliza R. 
Brov/n, Samuel Potter 
Brown, Miss Ida 
Brown, Harriet Stuart 
Brown, Dorothy Wyngate 
Black, Ellen Louise 
Burghart, Peter Stanislaus 
Burghart, Florence P. (Mrs. Robin- 
Birch, John 

Birch, Hannah Marie (Mrs. Geo.) 
Birch, Margaret A., married F. Emery 
Bushnell, Miss Alice H. 
Beach, John Parson 
Becke, G. W. 

Barnard, Harriet E. (Mrs. J. F.) 
Baring-Gould, E. O. 
Bas?, Osmond B. 
Bassett, Mrs. W. L. 
Bassett, Jay B. 
Bird, Harry Howard 
Barr, Catherine Madeline 
Be Vier, Flora Haley (Mrs. W.) 
Benedict, Dora Dean (Mrs. E. D.) 
Bowen, Margaret May 
Bowen, Nelson F. 
Bowen, Rachel Maud 
Bowen, Mildred Louise 
Benedict, Mrs. Louise 
Benedict, Beth 
Baldwin, Dwight M., Jr. 
Baldwin, Edith Sheehan (Mrs. D. M.) 
Baldwin, Rose E. 
Bichford, Mary Priscilla 


Memorial Volume 

Barnes, Ella May (Mrs. Spencer) 

Barber, Ruth 

Barber, Marion 

Belknap, Helen 

Bock, Clarence Francis 

Christian, George Henry 

Christian, Mrs. Leonore 

Christian, George Chas. 

Case, Julia (Mrs. Pratt) 

Clarke, Margaret L. (H. C.) 

Cleveland Miss Anna Jane 

Cleveland, Annie (Mrs. John) 

Clerihew, Mrs. A. E. (Forman) 

Christian, Llewellyn 

Childs, Clarence H. 

Case, George Price 

Case, Chas. Merrett 

Christie, Mrs. Harriet M. 

Cosad, Miss Lida 

Christian, Miss Mary Anna 

Childs, Mrs. C. H. (Henshaw) 

Charlton, John 

Charlton, Miss Eleanor 

Christian, Mrs. Catherine A. 

Clarke, Samuel S. 

Clarke, Harvey Charles 

Christian, Susan 

Charlton, Miss Hannah Thompson 

Campbell, Francis Chandler 

Campbell, Merrill (Mrs. F. C.) 

Carleton, Miss Mary 

Caplin, Miss Grace 

Caplin, Miss Jessie Florence 

Chrystie, Bess 

Chrystie, I. May 

Caverly, Miss Emma 

Colby, Miss Gertrude Kline 

Crouse, Mrs. Jessie E. 

Crouse, Charles Stevens 

Childs, Mrs. Jane A. 

Clark, Mrs. Ilucinda Frances 

Clerihew, Catherine 

Cook, Bell (Mrs. Elbridge C.) 

Carle, Katherine 

Campbell. Violet A. (Mrs. H. D.) 

Cheney, Florence C. V. 

Cosner, Leon Alesster 

Cosner, Mrs. L. A. 

Cornell, Lmwood Hay 

Cornell, Ada Pearly (Mrs. L. H.) 

Chalgren, Leonard Theodore 

Chalgren, DoUie M. (Mrs. L. T.) 

Cress, Margaret Carroll 

Collins, Edna Elizabeth 

Chandler, Gertrude Burbank 

Crowell, Albert Bruce 

Camp, Karl William 

Courtenay, Charles Arnold 

Courlenay, Edith lane (Mrs. C. A.) 

C.o"/ley, Helen Abehard, (Mrs. C.) 

Crilly, Hale Luzerne 

Comstock, Edgar Francis, Jr. 

Caplazi, Rose 

Congdon, Violet May (Mrs. D. G.) 

Cook, Henry Wiseman 

Cook, Ellen Davenport (Mrs. H. W.) 

Dunham, Mrs. Mary E. 

Dibble, Mrs. R. 

Drew, Mrs. Anna F. 

De Cou, Lorenzo A. 

De Cou, Mrs. 

Dwinnell, Stanley Worthington 

Dupew, Beulah Irene 

Dexter, Hattie Shaw (Mrs. Fred) 

Daggett, Dorothy 

Dwinnell, William Stanley 

Dwinnell, Virginia (Mrs. W. S.) 

Dwinnell, Ann Katherine 

Emmel, Miss Dorcas 

Edsall, Rt. Rev. Samuel Cook 

Edsall, Grace Harmon (Mrs. S. C.) 

Edsall, James K. 

Edsall, Mary Louise 

Edsall, Samuel Harmon 

Eckman, Eric Morris 

Fletcher, Fannie P. (Mrs. F. F.) 

Fletcher, Frank F. 

Forman, Frank W. 

Forman, Mary J. (Mrs. F. W.) 

Foote, Frank B. 

Freman, Lillie J. (Mrs. H. G.) 

Foote, Mrs. C. M. 

French, Miss Alice 

Futcher, Mrs. 

Futcher, Miss Florence 

Futcher, Stanley Meredith 

Folwell, Sarah H. (Mrs. W. W.) 

Folwell, Mary Heywccd 

Saint Mark's Parish 


Folwell, Russell Heywood 

Folwell, William Bainbridge 

Folwell, Wm. W. 

French, Mrs. Harriet Christian 

Flather, Mrs. J. J. 

Fuller, Miss Anna 

Fox, Mrs. Frances A. 

Fridley, Mrs. Ella L. 

Fridley, Elizabeth A. 

Fagg, Charles Alfred 

Forsbery, Ruth Alfhild 

Forsbery, Ellen Fredrica 

Follett, Herbert C. 

Fox, Charles R. 

Eraser, Spencer Lee 

Eraser, Adele E. (Mrs. S. L.) 

Frost, Mrs. Florence 

Gear, Emillie Louisa 

Gear, Grace Bertha 

Gibson, Sophia (Mrs. Henry W.) 

Gibson, Florence Nettie 

Graham, Mrs. B. F. 

Greenleaf, Miss Lillian S. 

Green, Ella S. 

Green, Elizabeth Ellen 

Gould, Martin M. 

Gould, Julia A. (Mrs. M.) 

Gould, Mr. Wilson L. 

Gould, Miss Edna H. 

Gould, Miss Marian R. 

Graham, Gordon 

Graham, Grace C. E. (Mrs. G.) 

Graves, Pauline Estelle 

Graves, Sarah Wood 

Gruber, Lida (Mrs. John D.) 

Goodnow, Isabella 

Goodnow, Marion 

Girling, Amy Ernestine 

Grinnell, Edmund 

Hardenbergh, Charles Morgan 

Hardenbergh, Mrs. Mary (Lee) 

Hardenbergh, B. (Mrs. J. W. Jones) 

Hardenbergh, Ernest Lee 

Hallowell, Morris L. 

Hallowell, Mrs. M. L. 

Hallowell, William P. 

Hallowell, Agnes H. (Mrs. W. P.) 

Hallowell, Grace R. D. 

Hall, Miss Catherine A. 

Hurd, Helen W. (Mrs. B. C.) 
Hatch, Mattie E. (Mrs. C. F.) 
Holbrook, Franklin G. 
Holbrook. Bessie (Mrs. F. G.) 
Higgins, George E. 
Hempstead, Mrs. Anna Jane (W.) 
Hempstead, Clark 
Hempstead, (Mrs. Clark) 
Harris, Miss Jennie L. 
Hughes, Miss Mary 
Hinkle. Lucile A. (Mrs. W. H. Foote) 
Hinkle, Edward F. 
Harrington, Charles Medbury 
Harrington, Grace (Mrs. C. M.) 
Henshaw, Miss Esther Holt 
Hays. LilHe J. 
Higgins, Mrs. G. E. 
Hull, Louis K. 

Hardenbergh, Elsie (married) 
Hallam, Willian Henry 
Hallam, Dorcas E. (Mrs. W. H.) 
HilHker, Miss Martha A. 
Hawley, Miss Helene Bassett 
Hughes, Miss Caroline 
Hempstead, Hugh Campbell 
Higgins, Louise May 
Hardenbergh, Clarence Morgan 
Hood, Emma S. (Mrs. C. H. Allen) 
Hunter, H. A. 

Heywood, Sarah S. (Mrs. D. W.) 
Harrington, Leonore B. (married Wal- 
ter G. Hudson) 
Hall, Allan 
Holbrook, Gordon G. 
Hodgson, Wells Gordon 
Heitman, Miss Grace L. 
Hall, Charles A. 
Hall, Mary A. (Mrs. C. A.) 
Harrison, Mrs. Anna 
Haupt, Charles Edgar 
Haupt, Alexandra V. (Mrs. C. E.) 
Hills, George Healhcote 
Hills, Beatrice H. 
Hills, P. Heathcote 
Hills, Violet H. 
Hambley, Rebecca Christine 
Hart, Birdie, married R. P. Stanton 
Hawksett, E. O. 
Hawksett, Margaret E. (Mrs. E. O.) 

6S416 OF LATTfcR-DA: :.. , 

MY 14 13S4 


Memorial Volume 

Hall, Katherine Helen 

Hood, Mary Matzeh 

Hewitt, Edwin Hawley 

Hill, Francis Henry 

Hill, Ann Carlisle (Mrs. F. H.) 

Hodel, Mary (Mrs. A.) 

Hodel, Minnie 

Hodel, Earl Alexander 

Haupt, Alma Cecelia 

Hawksett, Beatrice 

Hoag, Katherine Vera 

Hoag, Una Mary May 

Ireys, Nellie (Mrs. V. S.) 

Ireys, Miss Harriet Bailey 

Ives, Emma Crockett (Mrs. S. E.) 

Ireys, Charles Goodrich 

Ives, Edith, married R. P. Woodworth 

Ireys, Beatrice G., married S. W. Wells 

Ives, Ora 

Jones, James Willis 

Jackson, A. B. 

Jackson, Eugenie (Mrs. A. B.) 

Judd, W. (Mrs. W. B.) 

Jaffray, Clive Talbot 

Jaffray, Madeline Palmer (Mrs. C. T.) 

Judd, Mrs. W. S. 

Jillson, Mrs. Daisy Garland 

Jillson, Harry Garland 

Jewett, Mrs. Ethel Watson 

Johnson, Ethel Josephine 

Jones, Addie Marie 

Jensen, Clara Chapman (Mrs. P. J.) 

Jones, Lee Hall 

Johnson, Oscar 

Keller, William H. 

Keller, Mrs. W. H. 

Keller, F. L., married F. J. Morley 

Keyes, Eva Loveland (Scranton) 

Keyes, Leslie Scranton 

Keyes, Malcolm Douglas 

Kennedy, Mrs. Mary 

Kitsman, Myrtle A. 

Keller, Miss Lottie 

Keough, Laura 

Kelley, Frances (Mrs. A. B.) 

Knowles, John Alder 

Lee, William Henry 

Langdon, Sarah A. (Mrs. R. B.) 

Lyman, Mrs. S. N. 

Lamb, C. L. 

Lewis, Miss Mary L. 

Lyman, Alice Mitchell (Mrs. C. E.) 

Linton, A. R. 

Luce, W. L. 

Leach, Mrs W. B. 

Leach, George Emerson 

Leach, Walter C. 

Levings, William H. 

Levings, Mrs. W. H. 

Larrabee, Mrs. Anna (Pratt) 

Leonard, William Edward 

Leonard, Elsie Preston 

Lindgren, Jno. Edw. 

Leonard, Miss Sarah E. 

Leach, Pearl V. (Mrs. G. E.) 

Lockren, William A. 

Lord, Mary Crosse 

Lindgren, Ollive N. E. 

Larrabee, Weldon Cary 

Lammers, Ottilie Louise (Mrs. F. E.) 

Lyman, George Nelson 

Lyman, Lorraine 

Lawson, Anna May 

Lemon, Horace 

Meader, Mrs. Sarah B. (Birdsall) 

Meyers, Mary E. 

Meyers, Alice Maud (married Mr. 

Mabey, R. D. 

Modisette, John Austin. 

Modisette, Frances (Mrs. J. A.) 

Modisette, Katherine S. (married Ed- 
win Dodge) 

Morris, James Thomas 

Morris, Lucy Wilder (Mrs. J. T.) 

Mabey, Mrs. R. D. 

Morton, Howard Mcllvain 

Morton, Lucretia J. (Mrs. H. McI.) 

Martin, Frederick S. 

Martin, William S. 

Martin, Mary Louise 

Martin, Edith Matilda 

Marshall, Myrtle Elinore (Mrs. H. E.) 

Mulford, Mrs. Jeanette (married Mr. 

Malcolm, Edith Maud 

Meader, Miss Elizabeth Amy 

Malcolm. Mrs. H. W. 

Saint Mark's Parish 


Meriam, Miss Mabel 

Moelchart, Mrs. A. I. 

Moelcharl, Henrietta 

Moelchart, Wilhemina (married Chas. 

Maltison, Caroline 
Moore, Fred Earle M. 
Musgrave, John H. 
Musgrave, Samuel 
McKewin, George Lindsay 
McEachren, Annie Roy 
McKirdy, H. J. 

McKirdy, Alice J. (Mrs. H. J.) 
McKirdy, Herbert 
McKirdy, Stanley 
McKirdy, Gladys (married F. S. 

Miller, Otto W. 

Miller, Charlotte (Mrs. O. W.) 
Miller, Sarah Ottola 
Miller, Laura Ernestine Girling 
Mortimer, Anna May 
Mortimer, Hazel Leticia 
Mounts, Georgianna Passaw 
Murtinson, Annette 
McMillan, Edith Charlotte 
Morton, Mrs. Annie Eliza Wats 
Morton, Mary Wetherill 
McGraw, Gertrude 
Miller, Henry Andrew 
Matthews, Bessie Louise 
McKirdy, Dagner Elenora (Mrs. H.) 
McKirdy, Mabel 
Murphy, Dempster Ostrander 
Moist, Mabel St. Clair (Mrs. S. E.) 
Moist, Minard Samuel 
Mortimer, Philip 
McKewin, Mrs. Emma Lindsay 
Marshall, Herbert Lloyd 
Neill, Mrs. Lily Lamb EHza 
Neill, Charles H. 
Nieler, Mary L. 
Norton, Mrs. Delia Whiting 
Norris, Carrie Anna (Mrs. P. L.) 
Noble, John 
Nagle, Mrs. Phillips 
Norton, Miss Katherine Estella 
Northrop, Annie D. (Mrs. E. B.) 
Northrop, Eton Biers 

Northrop, Ruth Emmons 

Nelson, Ada May 

Nimmo, Kathleen 

Nevins, Louise Macalester 

Norling, Carl Oscar 

Norling, Harriet Bates D. (Mrs. C. O.) 

Outram, Mrs. J. M. 

Oliver, Mabel (married H. A. Marsh) 

Orcutt, Hazel 

Olson, Mary E. (Mrs. J. P.) 

Ovenshire, Mrs. Hariel Bates 

Pettit, Frank R. 

Pettit, Mrs. Emma F. (F. R.) 

Patten, Katherine 

Peacock, Mrs. J. H. 

Paine, Mrs. Grace B. M. 

Passmore, Sarah M. (Mrs. R. H.) 

Paine, Ellen Addell (Mrs. J. M.) 

Paine, Miss Elizabeth Allen 

Pratt, Mrs. Helen A. 

Phelps, Jesse B. 

Phelps, Frances S. (Mrs. J. B.) 

Parshow, John 

Parshow, Mrs. John 

Pick, Mrs. Eva B. 

Peake, Allen G. 

Passmore, Fannie 

Payne, Florence Delia 

Phillips, Mrs. 

Patterson, Cara Estelle (Mrs. J. W.) 

Passmore, William 

Passmore, Marian B. (Mrs. W.) 

Pearce, George S. 

Pearce, Mary J. (Mrs. G. S.) 

Passmore, George Hunter 

Pearce, Percy 

Pierce, Edward Brooks 

Power, Mrs. Adeline Marie 

Power, Faith Marie 

Power, Grace 

Pearson, Frank 

Passmore, Eric William 

Reno, Alexander Nimich 

Roberts, Jane C. (Mrs. T. S.) 

Roberts, George Franklin 

Roberts, Ella Sophia (Mrs. S. F.) 

Reeve, Christine (Mrs. C. McC.) 

Reeve, Chas. McC. 

Reid, Mrs. Jennie H. 


Memorial Volume 

Ross, Belle 

Roberts, Emma 

Rogers, Mrs. J. 

Rishmiller, John Henry 

Royce, Mrs. Mary P. 

Reid, Bessie May 

Robinson, Ada 

Reynich, Walter 

Regan, Miss 

Rotschka, Chas. C. 

Rohl, Chas. Clarence 

Rohl, Harold A. 

Reade, Miss Lutie H. 

Roberts, Edna 

Robbins, Goldie Ella 

Robinson, John B. 

Robinson, Margaret (Mrs. J. B.) 

Robinson, Fred Hilton 

Robinson, Grace E. 

Rex, Florence 

Ramsey, Barbara J. (married Edgar F. 

Robinson, Lois Margaret 
Robertson, Ian 
Robertson, Eileen 
Ruth, Pearl Elmira 
Rutty, Violet May 
Snider, Samuel P. 
Snider, Mrs. S. P. 
Snyder, Frank C. 
Snyder, Mrs. Lillian B. 
Snyder, Mrs. Mary (Ramsey) 
Smith, Chas. Hatch 
Sanford, Chas. Edward 
Stone, Jacob, Jr. 
Snider, Ethel Alice (married J. O. 

Schomberg, Mrs. K. 
Schomberg, May Louise (married 

Stone, Miss Elsie 
Schrader, Carl Peter 
Stacey, Ellen (Mrs. Wm. W.) 
Stacey, Hannah Wayman 
Staples, Ethel 

Schrader, Mrs. Wilhelmina 
Strange, Mrs. \V. M. 
Smith, Elizabeth Marian 
Stebbins, Mrs. Mary B. 

Stacey, Mrs. E. P. 

Steele, Elizabeth L. (Mrs. E. M.) 

Shivel, Grace F. Bennett (Mrs. C.) 

Sawyer, Lillian 

Schroeder, Geo. Fred 

Sawyer, Pari 

Smith, Mrs. Randall 

Smith, Kate Louise 

Smith, Geo. Harold 

Shippam, Mrs. Amelia 

Shippam, Roy 

Shippam, Ethel May 

Stanchfield, Florence M. 

Seaman, Lewis 

Seaman, Miss Susie A. 

Spurrill, Esther Laura Ella 

Sawyer, Ruby Catherine 

Sloan, Renwick T. 

Shepherd, Myrtle Irene 

Shaw, Ethel Bogan (Mrs. Jno. E.) 

Silvester, Jennie M. (Mrs. A. E.) 

Sharp, Sara H. 

Shippam, Harry Grover 

Shelton, Miss Alice May 

Swinburn, Cordelia Evelyn 

Swinburn, John Alfred 

Smith, Emma J. 

Spratt, Ethel Louise (Mrs. C. M.) 

Stodhart, Marjorie Elizabeth 

Searle, Cicel Julius 

Sawyer, Katherine K. (Mrs. L. P.) 

Thayer, Mrs. Sophia P. 

Thayer, Miss Kate S. 

Turner, George N. 

Turner, Mrs. G. N. 

Turner, Louise 

Taylor, Benjamin 

Truesdale, Martha L. (Mrs. H. C.) 

Tiffany, Mrs. W. C. 

Tinker, Mrs. E. H. 

Tinker, Arthur A. 

Tuttle, William Beach 

Thompson, Sidney F. 

Thompson, Mrs. S. F. 

Twine, Emma Elizabeth 

Trotman, Walter G. 

Trotman, Ida M. (Mrs. W. G.) 

Trotman, Sinclair F. 

Tinner, Helen A. Y. (Mrs. A. A.) 

Saint Mark's Parish 


Thropp, Walter H. 
Taylor, Irene Marion 
Thompson, Geo. Van O. 
Turner, John W. 
Turner, Emma (Mrs. J. W.) 
Turner, Sarah H. 
Turner, George 
Truesdale, Sarah Helen 
Tutlle, Marian 
Trolman, Ethel 
Turner, Frederick Buel 
Thomson, Florence 
Turner, Emma 
Turner, Nellie Nettie 
Tanton, Miss Sarah 
Tweed, Carrie 
Tombler, Mary Louise 
Tombler, Gladys Martha 
Tombler, Alice 
Terry, George \V. 
Van Derlip, John Russell 
Van Slyke, Vader H. 
Van Slyke. Ella Geo. (Mrs. V. H.) 
Van Dyck, A. R. 
Van Buren, Mrs. Amy E. 
Van Slyke, Lois Clarke 
Welles, Mrs. Zemska Howard 
Welles, Catherine Z. 
Welles, Caroline Eliz. 
Whallcn, Mrs. 

Wells, Annie E. (Mrs. T. B.) 
Wells, Annie J. 
Wells, Frederick Brown 
Wetmore, Theodore 
Wetmore, Ellen T. (Mrs. T.) 
Walker, Elizabeth A. (Mrs. P. E.) 
Weir, Andrew C. 
Weir, Alice A. (Mrs. A. C.) 
Welch, Elizabeth Jones (Mrs. C. G.) 
Williams, Mrs. Sallie E. 
Wilcox, Alice Hurd (Mrs. A.) 
Whiting, Kate V/. (Mrs. N. P.) 
Weeks, Thomas Edwin 
Weeks, Mrs. T. E. 
Witmarsh, Sarah Caroline 
Wood, Helen Edith (married C. E. 

Welles, Carrie Sweet (Mrs. C. F.) 
Welles, Margaret (Mrs. R. Pearson) 
Welles, Leonard Robin 
Ware, Sarah Louise (married T. B. 

Williams, Elizabeth May 
Welles, Frances 
Wallace, Carleton Lyman 
Wallace, Amy Maud (Mrs. C. L.) 
Wilson, Eugenia 
Walters, Elizabeth 
Welch. Jane Wilkes (Mrs. W. M.) 
Welch, Rosina Louise 
Wilber, Irene (Mrs. C. H.) 
Willson, Walter Doty 
Willson. Mrs. W. D. 
Weaslerby, John K. 
Whittaker, Mr. 
Whitlaker, Mrs. 
Weint, Fannie Mary 
Weint, Clara Frances 
Wilkinson, Sarah H. 
Wertz, Mrs. G. C. 
Wentworth. Virginia (Mrs. H. H.) 
Woodward, Miss Grace 
Wheeler. Helen Larraine 
Wilkinson, Mabel M. 
Whipps, Charles H. 
Whipps, Anna E. (Mrs. C. H.) 
Whipps, Ruth B. 
Whipps, Marian B. 
Wilmol, Walter 
Wale, Mrs. Annette W. 
Werner, Anna O. 
Werner, Niles 
Wilber, Frances Mildred 
Wilber, Charles Henry 
Wilber, Anstice Irene 
Watson, Elsie (Mrs. A. B.) 
Watson, Jeannette Blanch 
Wheeler, Frederick Porter 
Wendler, Mrs. Ethel F. 
Young, Marie Louise 
Young, Kaiherine Graham 
Young, Margaret Agnes 
Zache, Arthur F. • 

56 Memorial Volume 

^be Cboir 

The music of the Church is so rich and plays so 
important a part in the rendering of our worship to 
God that nothing short of our very best can ever sat- 
isfy the conscience or the taste of the members of St. 
Marks. To this end the Vestry has spared no pains 
to make the choir as efficient as possible. 

The history of the choir dates back to the day of the 
opening of the Church at Christmas, 1870, of which a 
contemporary newspaper says, "The musical effect was 
very fine. There were two choirs consisting of four 
male voices. Decani — Messrs Spaulding, Tucker, Wil- 
liams and Reeve. Cantoris — Messrs. Turney, Chase, 
Jacobson, and Rogers." Messrs. Chase, Williams and 
Spaulding were the soloists of the occasion. 

In the early records of the Parish under date of 
Oct. 10, 1870, appears the following minute : "The 
Committee on Music was authorized to procure the at- 
tendance of an omnibus to convey the ladies to and 
from the rehearsals at an expense not to exceed two 
dollars for each attendance." At the consecration serv- 
vice in 1871, Mr. J. H. Clark, presided at the organ. 

A boy choir was introduced very early in the history 
of the Parish which was trained by Mrs. T. A. IMurphy, 
now living in New York, but with her departure it fell 
into abeyance. 

In 1874, the music was placed under the care of Mr. 
M. D. Coykendall and Mr. Henry Ives was engaged 
as organist at a salary of $350 a year. On April, 
1879, Prof. Chas. S. Cushing was engaged as organist 
at $100 a year. In February, 1880, the Music Com- 

Saint Mark's Parish 57 

mittee seems to have been thrown into some conster- 
nation by the resignation of Mr. Chas. B. Walke, bass 
singer, and in March they reported to the Vestry that 
they had engaged four singers at three dollars apiece 
for each Sunday. In April, 1892, Mr. A. M. Shuey was 
engaged as organist and a chorus choir substituted for 
the soloists at a cost of about $2,000 a year. At Easter, 
1895, a limit of $1,400 was placed upon the expendi- 
ture for music and it was decided to pay the organist 
a fixed salary instead of giving him a lump sum. His 
salary was placed at $600. At Easter, 1896, Mr. Shuey 
rp'oigned and Mr. Porter became organist. In 1897, 
Miss Charlotte A. Hewitt was engaged as organist at 
a salary of $1,200; the music being supplied by a 
quartet of male and female voices. Later Mr. George 
H. Normington used to come from St. Paul to drill 
some boys. Miss Hewitt resigned on April 6, 1899, and 
Mr. Normington took charge of the choir. It consisted 
of about twenty boys, six or eight women and about 
ten men. A year later it was decided to make it ex- 
clusively a boy choir and the female voices were 
omitted. Mr. Normington's personality was such that 
he surrounded himself with lovers of good music and 
the proficiency of the choir steadily increased. 

The appreciation in which the choir was held can 
best be expressed by a minute appearing in the records 
of the Vestry on March 8, 1902 : "Whereas the music 
rendered at the various services of the Church in this 
Parish during the past year has been of unusual excel- 
lence and has given unqualified satisfaction to the 
Rector and Officers, as well as to the congregation, 
of the Parish ; and whereas we recognize that the re- 
sult is due to the unselfish devotion of the members of 

58 Memorial Volume 

the choir, as shown by their regularity of attendance 
and earnest efforts in discharging the duty assumed 
by them, under the leadership of ]\lr. Normington. 

"The Vestry of the Parish hereby extends to the 
choir the gratitude of the Parish for the services so 
conscientiously rendered, and assures its members that 
their contribution in this manner to the support of 
the Church is fully appreciated, and is as valuable and 
helpful as any that can be given toward carrying on 
its works. 

"The Vestry take this opportunity of thanking Mr. 
Normington for his unremitting application to the 
work undertaken by him, and of congratulating him 
upon the remarkable success which has attended his 

In 1903, the Rev. Mr. Hills was made chairman of 
the Music Committee of the Vestry and directed its 
works. Sacred cantatas were rendered during Lent 
and on the first Sunday evening of each month, which 
were given with great effectiveness and proved very 
popular, but, combined with the outside work Mr. 
Normington was doing, the strain proved too great. 
A case of nervous prostration was the result and Mr. 
Normington, to the great regret of the Parish and all 
his friends, was obliged to seek a complete rest and 
change on a ranch in California, where his health has 
been completely restored. Through his efforts and 
the kindness of Miss Kate J. Welles, the grand piano 
was purchased which is in use by the choir. 

After his departure Mr. Fred Brown, one of his 
pupils, did good work in supplying the vacancy but 
the choir missed the thrill of the spirit of its master 
and soon fell away. Mr. Gordon Graham was then 

Saint Mark's Parish 59 

called to the position of organist and choir master 
and entered upon a very difficult task. The changing 
conditions of the city, making St. Mark's more and 
more deserted as a down-town church, increased the 
difficulty of getting boys. The expedient was there- 
fore resorted to of paying the car fare of a limited 
number of the boys. This at once removed the diffi- 
culty and enabled the choir master to secure the neces- 
sary voices. It also, by means of fines and deductions, 
furnished a method of discipline which has been most 
effective. From that time the choir has taken on new 
life and enthusiasm and has done very excellent work. 
The musical services have been revived on the last 
Sunday evening of each month and during the past 
Lenten season the choir has rendered with excellent 
efifect: Gounod's "Messe Solennele," Mendelssohn's 
"Hear My Prayer," Maunder's "Olivet to Calvary," 
Selections from Oratorios, Dubois' "Seven Last 
Words," and Stainer's "The Crucifixion." 

Organist and Choirmaster. 

Soloists — Eugene Callender 

George Allen, Victor Covell 

Philip Mortimer, Dudley Covell 

Sopranos. Russell Crowther 

David Shearer, Alto. Albert Davies 

Charles E. Learned, Charles Davies 

Tenor. James Dwinnell 

Percy C. Long, Lewis Frary 

Walter T. Wilmot, Gordon Graham 

Bass. Louis Glenske 

Sopranos — Norwood Hall 

George Allen Warren Hayford 

Robert Andersch Lester Hardin 

Clarence Bock John Hefty 

Reginald Braddick Paul Haupt 

Cyril Braddick Edwin Jones 

Memorial Volume 

Oscar Johnson 
Minard Moist 
Oliver MacCallum 
Philip Mortimer 
Philip Malmsten 
Gordon Neve 
Dempster Pettengill 
Arthur Russell 
Cecil Searle 
Eric Salisbury- 
Ralph Shepherd 
Everitt Smith 
David Stegbauer 
James Thrailkill 
Harry Westerbilt 
Carl Wallace 

Crucifer — 

Walter Macleod 

Librarian — 
Arthur Zache 


Wingate Anderson 

Warren Elliott 
David Shearer 
Tenors — 

A. H. Crosby 
C. M. Chappell 
A. W. Davies 
Fred Drew 
Charles E. Learned 

F. H. Lawson 
Theodore Praiss 
George R. Ringrose 
Dr. Williams 

Bassos — 

Martin Clement 
Edmund Grinnell 
Allan Hull 
Percy C. Long 
Ben Pratt 
Ion Robertson 

G. W. Terry 
C. E. Wellnar 
Walter T. Wilmot 
Arthur Zache 

The Choir meets for practice on Friday evenings, 
at 7:30 p. m. Other practices are for boys on Mon- 
day afternoons from 4 to 5 o'clock, on Saturday morn- 
ings from 9 to 10. 

Saint Mark's Parish 61 

Jibe Moman'6 auxtltarp 


The work of the women of St. Marks Parish began 
while they were still in the Chapel, corner Fourth 
Street and Hennepin Avenue, and after it was decided 
to build the church on Sixth Street, its beginning and 
mode of work was similar to that of other churches 
starting under the same conditions. It was a large 
undertaking and much must be done by all interested 
to bring about the hoped for results. A church was to 
be built, equipped, and furnished with that which w^as 
necessary for a decent and orderly service in the house 
of God. For this equipment and furnishing the women 
set to work with a will and a determination not to fail 
on their part through any lack of courage or faith in 
ultimate success. At this time no outside work was at- 
tempted. The struggle was for St. Marks ; and a hard 
one it was, demanding much careful thought and active 
service from all. The meetings were, in a way, in- 
formal. They had no especial officers, and were held 
from house to house. The plan was to get and fill orders 
for sewing, knitting or any other thing they could do. 
Meetings were held each week during the working 
season, in the afternoon. Experts on certain lines, 
would take home unfinished work and bring it back 
completed. Mrs. Hardenberg's specialty was button 
holes, and Mrs. Secomb, then Mrs. Tomlinson, did con- 
siderable knitting. In the early times there were social 
gatherings once a month, the women having a little 
supper together and the men joining them in the 
evening. As the little band of workers enlarged, sup- 

62 Memorial Volume 

pers became impracticable and the social evening, 
though still continued, was independent, but still one 
feature of the woman's work — church sociables, they 
were called — and they met at such homes as could ac- 
commodate the larger gatherings. All were welcome. 
Old friends met, and new comers were made acquainted 
and invited to help. Light refreshments were served 
and all had a pleasant time. Mrs. W. T. Lee was an 
important factor in those days and did the work of an 
official president. Mrs. H. T. Welles, Mrs. James 
Spink and Mrs. Tomlinson afterwards served in the 
same capacity. Other women who worked in those 
early times, and who will always be gratefully re- 
membered for faithful service, were Mesdames Hatha- 
way, Hardenberg, Langdon, Westfall, Camp, Tyler, 
Ames, Murison, and scores of others too numerous to 
mention here. The seed they planted is bearing its 
fruit today. 

The work continued to be done from house to house, 
with the occasional sociable long after St. Marks 
Church was finished and furnished and the women 
had ceased to work only for themselves. Missionary 
work was started for those clergymen of our own 
diocese who needed help, Bishop Whipple giving us 
the names. This was the work being done in 187L 
The society grew and was at this time the only one 
in St, Marks. It became more formal, had a name, 
a president and a secretary and treasurer. The name. 
Ladies' Aid Society, was chosen. After a time the 
work for missions increased and our big work basket 
became too large and heavy to carry from house to 
house. So the meetings were held for the most part at 
the Rectory next the Church, Mrs. T. B. Wells being 

Saint Mark's Parish 63 

a most efficient and ready helper. Others prominent 
at this period, and for several years after, were Mrs. 
Dunham, Mrs. Neill, Mrs. Lockwood, Miss Goundie 
and Mrs. Hawley. Later still, Mrs. Bacon, Mrs. Wol- 
ford and Miss Christy, who for a long- period was sec- 
retary and treasurer of our parish branch. Mrs. Bar- 
nard who succeeded Miss Christy, served faithfully, 
and with zeal and earnestness until obliged to leave 

In 1882, the Diocesan Council of Minnesota was 
held in Christ Church, St. Paul. Dr. Wells was at that 
time rector of St. Marks. Miss Cornelus Jay, of New 
York, had come to Minnesota in the interest of the 
Board of Missions to try to establish a diocesan 
branch of the Woman's Auxiliary here. She was in 
St. Paul at the time of the council. The women of 
St. Marks knew very little, if anything, of the Wo- 
man's Auxiliary and its methods of work. Nor were 
the different rectors much better informed. Dr. Wells 
met some of St. Marks women who were at Christ 
Church that day, among- them Mrs. W. B. Folds 
and told them that a meeting- was being held in the 
interest of Missions and asked Mrs. Folds to repre- 
sent St. Marks, at that meeting. She did so, with this 
result. She became the first general secretary, when 
Mrs. Mayo, of St. Paul, was made President, and 
St. Marks' Society became a Parish branch soon after. 
The Parish has been well represented since, in the 
Woman's Auxiliary. Mrs. Folds did good and careful 
work for many years as secretary. At present Mrs. 
Hector Baxter is President of the Diocesan branch. 
Mrs. Hovey Clarke, Vice-President, of Minneapolis 
convocation, and Mrs. Hallani is general treasurer of 

64 Memorial Volume 

the United offering fund, — all women of St. Mark's 
church. In 1906, Mrs. S. B. Meader, President, the 
name Ladies' Aid Society was changed to Woman's 
Aid and Auxiliary to Board of Missions. A constitu- 
tion and by-laws was framed for more satisfactory 
working. In the twenty-five years of membership, 
St. Marks branch has done good and efhcient work. 
Many large and valuable boxes have been sent out, 
struggling Sunday schools and churches helped with 
money and books. Contributions have been made 
to church periodicals, society mite boxes given out and 
contents collected and sent to the general board in 
New York. St. Barnabas Hospital and Sheltering 
Arms Orphanage have had of our time and work and 
help has been given in other ways. This article must 
not close without an expression of thanks to the 
members of St. Hilda's Guild, whose ready help in 
every line of need has been so freely and cheerfully 
given and whose interest in our work has never ceased. 
In the all-day meetings held each Friday the two 
societies are as one, all interests combined in good fel- 
lowship and harmony. 




President— Mrs. Sarah B. Meader. 
Vice President — ^^Mrs. C. F. Clark. 
Secretary and Treasurer — Mrs. P. L. Norris. 


RECTOR I 891 -I 899 

Saint Mark's Parish 65 

St lbtlba'9 (Built) 

In the early part of Mr. Nichol's pastorate, what 
had been known as the "Young Ladies' Society," was 
reorganized and the name changed to St. Hilda's 
Guild. At that time the older women of the Parish 
were doing very effective work of a missionary char- 
acter and as there seemed great need for furnishings 
in both Church and Parish House, the Rector thought 
it well for the younger women to take as their main 
object this department of Church work. And so St. 
Hilda's Guild was formed as a sort of Rector's Aid and 
to supply Parish needs, and the name of the sainted 
young woman who founded the famous Monastery at 
Whitby, A. D. 668, and there spent her life in God's 
service was chosen as most appropriate. The first 
president was Mrs. C. M. Harrington, and Miss Alice 
Keller was secretary and treasurer. 

Among the furnishings purchased through the ef- 
forts of the Guild may be mentioned a handsome table 
and chairs for the robing room, the standard lights in 
the Chancel, the brass ewer and font cover, carpet and 
rugs, Choir vestments and many improvements in the 
equipment of the Parish House, besides a yearly con- 
tribution of fifty dollars or more for Christmas and 
Easter decorations. 

As time has gone on St, Hilda's has broadened its 
field somewhat though still holding in the main to its 
original purpose. Two cots in the children's Ward at 
St. Barnabas Hospital are taken care of by the Guild, 
the Industrial School and Kindergarten have secured 
substantial aid and other worthy charities entirely out- 

66 Memorial Volume 

side the Parish boundaries have been helped by gifts 
of money, articles for sale, etc. Valuable assistance 
has been rendered from time to time in the entertain- 
ment of the various Parish and Diocesan organizations 
meeting at St. Marks. The Guild meets on each Fri- 
day during the winter and its funds are raised by an 
annual sale of mincemeat and other good things to 
eat, by entertainment, and needle work, in fact in any 
legitimate way that presents itself. 

The absorbing interest just at present is the fur- 
nishing of the New Parish House where it is hoped 
that, with an enlarged membership and an ever grow- 
ing loyalty, St. Hilda's Guild may do more effective 
work and become increasingly an aid to the Rectors 
of St. Marks. 

SARAH H. CHILDS, Secretary. 



President — Mrs. W. S. Dwinnell. 
Vice-President — Miss I. Ross. 
Second Vice-President — Mrs. H. W. Gibson. 
Secretary and Treasurer — Mrs. C. H. Childs. 


Mrs. V. H. Van Slyke Mrs. Hovey C. Clarke 

Mrs. C. M. Harrington Mrs. M. W. Strange 

Mrs. John Flather Mrs. George Trotman 

Mrs. W. H. Gibson Mrs. W. H. Hallam 

Mrs. P. L. Norris Miss Bessie Chrystie 

Mrs. G. E. Higgins Mrs. C. H. Childs 

Mrs. W. S. Dwinnell Mrs. C. E. Haupt 

Mrs. C. W. Shivel Mrs. A. W. Abbott 

Mrs. L. F. Clark Mrs. J. B. Robinson 

Mrs. Wm. Passmore Mrs. Hurley 

Mrs. Willis Jones Mrs. I. M. Lewis 

Mrs. J. S. Pearce Miss M. P. Bickford 

Mrs. C. T. Jafifray Miss L Murphy 

Mrs. S. W. Patton Mrs. L L. Corse 

Mrs. J. V. McHugh Mrs. W. R. Appleby 

Mrs. H. McL Morton Mrs. D. M. Baldwin 

Miss L Ross Mrs. E. B. Murphy 
Mrs. H. S. Abbott 

Saint Mark's Parish 67 

Financial Report for Year Ending April 18, 1908. 

Cash on hand March 25, 1907 $465.32 

Membership fees 15.00 

Sale of mince-meat, fancy articles, etc 475.71 

Sundry receipts 11.61 

Interest on deposits 21.57 

Total receipts $989.21 


Expenses connected with sales $213.51 

Christmas and Easter decorations 50.00 

Contribution to furnishing room W. C. A. Home 10.00 

Kindergarten 50.00 

Florence Crittenton Home 5.00 

Rent of sewing machine 1.25 

Postage and stationery 2.77 

Total disbursements $332.53 

Total cash on hand 656.68 



68 Memorial Volume 

Z\)c ^onm lPeopIe'0 Sodeti? 

On Shrove Tuesday at a social meeting of the young 
people of the Parish the desire was expressed to band 
the young people together into an organization for 
the purpose of working for the new Church. The or- 
gan fund was selected as the definite object for which 
the young people would work and an organization was 


President — Mr . Geo. W. Terry. 
Vice-President— Miss S. E. Miller. 
Secretary — Miss Florence Gibson. 
Treasurer — Mr. Roy Shippam. 


Miss Louise Higgins, Miss Gertrude McGraw, Miss 
Mabel Wilkinson, Mr. De Lloyd Barber, Mr. W. L. Gould, 
Mr. Fred Robinson. 




Saint Mark's Parish 69 

Zbe irnbU9trial S3cbool 


St. Mark's Sewing- School began its work in the early 
80's. The motive which led to its organization was, 
that children of over-burdened mothers might learn to 
mend and make their own garments, relieve the strain 
at home, and carry back habits of industry and clean- 
liness as a contribution to the family comfort. Mrs. 
Samuel Austin, and Miss Kate Welles gathered the 
first members of the school from homes situated in 
North Minneapolis. They, with Mrs. E. C. Whitney, 
Mrs. Calver, and Airs. Thomas B. Wells, formed the 
first corps of teachers, and inaugurated the work. Ma- 
terial on which the novices were to do experimental 
work, and finally to fashion garments, was supplied by 
Mrs. H. T. Wells, Mrs. R. B. Langdon, Mrs. George 
H. Christian, and Mrs. Charles McC. Reeve. 

So imperfect were the conditions of the room which 
had once served for a small Parish School, that it was 
a question whether it were better to be smoked out 
or frozen in ; there was no water supply or ventilation. 
The Rectory kitchen became to the children a familiar 
resort from which to procure hot and cold water, soap 
and towels, that work might be at least begun with 
clean hands ; and sometimes apples and oranges. 

The classes once started increased from their own 
momentum ; so that accommodations considered mea- 
gre for forty children, adapted themselves to the serv- 
ice of seventy-five. With the increase in members, 
came additional teachers, many of them served faith- 

70 Memorial Volume 

fully for years, but as the record of their names is lost, 
it would be invidious to mention any of those which 
one recalls, lest one precious name be temporarily for- 

The lack of ventilation is this overcrowded room 
made the services of the teachers a more than ordinary 
sacrifice, but they were rewarded by the results, which 
sent the older pupils home with well made garments 
and the younger girls with kitchen towels for mother 
and handkerchiefs for themselves. Cards were distrib- 
uted in recognition of faithful attendance, from which 
texts were learned and recited ; some few of the chil- 
dren became members of St. Mark's Sunday School. 

It was the purpose of Dr. Wells to interest the Sun- 
day School children of St. Marks in those of the Sew- 
ing School — that instead of receiving gifts on Christ- 
mas, they might give them, to those less favored than 
themselves. The outcome of the work has been satis- 
factory: Young women from dress-making establish- 
ments, glove factories, and glove remodeling, and re- 
pairing in stores, seamstresses, who sow in families, 
and those in other needle-service, not infrequently in- 
troduce themselves to teachers to thank them for the 
instruction, which directed them to a means of support. 
While very recently a prosperous, happy looking wo- 
man stopped an old teacher in the street to introduce 
herself, and to thank her for having ripped out her 
work so often when she was teaching her how to 
sew at St. Marks, because she said, "Now I am proud 
of the way my children's clothes look, and last." 

The necessities of this sewing school, added to Dr. 
Wells, interest in providing a Guild House which 
should be a center for varied church work. When it 

Saint Mark's Parish 71 

was completed in 1901, the Sewing School comfort- 
ably housed, entered on a new career under new man- 
agement, and new officers. 

The teachers in those early days were Mrs. Chas. 
F. Hatch, Mrs. George Jones, Miss Caroline Hall, Mrs. 
C. McC. Reeve, Mrs. W. B. Folds, Mrs. John Dunham, 
Mrs. Meyer, Miss Richardson, Mrs. Wetmore, Miss 
Goundy, Mrs. Hovey C. Clarke, Miss Anna Cleveland, 
Mrs. H. W. Hurd, Mrs. Hector Baxter, Mrs. F. Paine. 
These friends of the children gave their services from 
time to time, under the leadership of Mrs. T. B. Wells. 

After the death of Doctor Wells the management of 
the school passed into the hands of Mrs. Wm. Jones 
who for nine or ten years carried it on with great suc- 
cess and efficiency. Mrs. Jones was succeeded in the 
management of the school by Mrs. A. W. Abbott, the 
present Directress, who for years has devoted herself 
to it with the affection of a mother. In addition to the 
usual instruction in plain sewing, the children who 
have attended for a number of years and have attained 
sufficient proficioncy are promoted into a garment 
class under a trained instructor, where they are taught 
to cut and fit garments and when made are permitted 
to keep them upon paying for the cost of materials. 

There has also been provided a cooking class under 
an expert instructor, for the older girls. The school 
is always opened with religious exercises and the sing- 
ing of hymns. During the year the children have 
memorized the Commandments. The closing exercises 
of the season were held on Saturday, April Uth, when 
the children were presented with a beautifully printed 
card containing the Ten Commandments, through the 
kindness of Mr. Otto W. Miller, they received their 

72 Memorial Volume 

prizes, were delightful entertained with stories told by 
Miss Stella L. Wood, and sang- a number of songs from 
Mother Goose in which they had been trained by Mrs. 



Mrs. A. W. Abbott 


Miss Louise Higgins 


Mrs. Thomas Brown Miss Kate Welles 

Miss Anne Wells Miss Katherine Carle 

Miss Mary Martin Mrs. H. L. Renne 

Mrs. L. F. Clarke Mrs. J. A. Gould 

Mrs. E. Barnhart Mrs. G. S. Pierce 

Mrs. A. E. Clerihew Mrs. Asa Wilcox 

Mrs. C. H. Crouse Miss Emma J. Smith 

Mrs. J. B. Phelps Mrs. Frederick Paine 


Miss Florence Gibson 
Mrs. Fox 
Mrs. Ploughman 
Miss Gilloy 

Teacher in Singing 

Mrs. C. E. Haupt 
Teacher for German Class 

Miss Schrepel 

Number of scholars enrolled, 166 
Largest number present, 112 
Smallest number present, 85 

Saint Mark's Parish 73 


From November 1, 1907, to March 1, 1908. 

C. E. Haupt (Circle Fund) $35.00 

Mrs. Dunham 1.00 

Mrs. H. S. Abbott 1.00 

General Reeve 5.00 

Mrs. C. M. Harrington 25.00 

Mrs. R. B. Langdon 5,00 

General Reeve 10.00 

Pennies 4.22 

C. E. Haupt (Circle Fund) 15.00 

Mrs. Vanderlip 25.00 

Pennies 6.09 



Mrs. Schrepel for 22 lessons $66.00 

L. S. Donaldson & Co., merchandise 16.74 

J. W. Thomas & Co., merchandise 2.20 

Mrs. Siever, laundry 2.00 

Dayton's Dry Goods Co., merchandise .54 

New England Furniture Co., table 4.50 

Dayton's Dry Goods Co., merchandise 2.45 

L. S. Donaldson & Co., merchandise 11.61 

John A. Schlener & Co., books 4.00 

L. S. Donaldson & Co., merchandise...' 4.04 

John A. Schlener & Co 85 

L. S. Donaldson & Co 3.75 

J. W. Thomas & Co 1.40 

L. S. Donaldson & Co 3.67 

J. W. Thomas & Co 1.50 


Respectfully submitted, 


74 Memorial Volume 


During the summer of 1904, it became possible 
through the generosity of Mrs. Henry T. Welles to 
separate a portion of the Parish House from the main 
hall, by means of rolling partitions, thus forming a 
convenient kindergarten room and JMiss Kate J. Welles 
gave six hundred dollars to guarantee the support of 
the Kindergarten for the first year. Miss Margaret 
Baxter was secured as kindergartner and a beginning 
made on Tuesday, September 6th, 1904. 

St. Mark's Kindergarten was opened the first Mon- 
day in September, 1904, The attendance was small at 
first until it became thoroughly understood that it 
was free and open to all. Many personal calls were 
made and the meaning and intention of the Kinder- 
garten explained. There were some who needed to 
be convinced that it was not too much trouble to get 
the children ready in the morning — as it seemed much 
easier to turn them out to run the streets unwashed 
and uncombed and these were the children who needed 
most to be reached. On the whole, however, the op- 
portunity was eagerly grasped and appreciated. The 
enrollment has averaged about thirty, with an attend- 
ance that has varied with weather and health condi- 
tions. The children reached have been mostly from 
the streets and alleys of the down-town district. Some 
have come from middle-class homes while we had a 
few tuition children who were glad to come because 
it was the nearest kindergarten. There have been 
many others who have had to be clothed in order to 
make it possible for them to come, as for instance, the 
small boy who came one morning when the frost was 

Saint Mark's Parish 75 

heavy on the sidewalks in his bare feet, because he had 
no shoes, and the little girl who came one bitter cold 
morning with her dress frozen stiff, her mother hav- 
ing washed her only dress had not given it time 
to dry, and many other cases of this kind. It was soon 
found that in order to help the children we must begin 
with the mothers. The Another's Club has been an 
important part of the work. The club was organized 
in January, 1905. There were about fifteen present 
at the first meeting and the attendance has been near 
that number except on special occasions. We have 
met monthly and have tried to make the meeting help- 
ful in a general way; we have had speakers on subjects 
of interest to all mothers — Miss Stella Wood and 
Miss Nettie Waite on subjects pertaining to the home 
training of children. Dr. Anna Hurd on "First Aid to 
the Injured," Judge John Day Smith on "The Juvenile 
Court," etc. Mrs. Grace Graham is now president of 
the club and we are confident that much good work 
will be done under her leadership. The assistants for 
the Kindergarten have been chosen from the Senior 
class of the Normal Training School. Miss Jessie 
Angst, the first year ; Miss Ruth Northrup, the second 
year; Miss Leila Brown, the third year; and Miss 
Bertha Lyon, this last year, have done their part to 
help the work along. We feel that the new field will 
open up larger opportunities for work and hope for 
great things in the new building in the fall. 


76 • Memorial Volume 

Zhc (Birrs (Builb 

The Girls' Guild was organized in 1903, by Mrs. 
Hoppock, and a group of girls of from ten to fifteen 
years. These girls sewed for different church charities 
and visited the Sheltering Arms. 

In 1904, Mrs. Carrington assisted Mrs. Hoppock 
and the same work was carried on on a larger scale. 
There was more social life and a gymnasium class was 
started in connection with the Guild. 

In 1905, the Guild was made a working branch of 
the Junion Auxiliary with Miss Wilkinson as Direct- 
ress, Miss Carle as Vice Directress. The Guild sewed 
for home and foreign missions as directed by the State 
Secretary and studied foreign missions. 

As working branch of the Junior Auxiliary the 
Guild has continued through 1906-7 and 1907-8, carry- 
ing on the same lines of work. The meetings have 
been held once a week with a social meeting once a 
month. In addition to the mission work. Thanksgiving 
and Christmas boxes have been sent to poor families 
discovered by the personal effort of members of the 
Guild. The membership has been small, but the mem- 
bers very faithful and hard working. 

In 1906-7, Miss Carle was Directress, Mrs. Carring- 
to. Vice Directress. In 1907-8, Alma Haupt succeeded 
Mrs. Carrington as Vice Directress. 

Saint Mark's Parish 77 

St. inr0ula'0 (Built) 

St. Ursula's Guild was organized in the fall of 1907, 
for the purpose of bringing into closer relationship 
with each other and the Church, the young girls of 
the Parish. It is at present composed entirely of mem- 
bers of the Bible Class and the younger teachers, but 
any young lady connected with the Sunday School 
is eligible. There are twenty-one members, most of 
whom are charter members. During the year of its 
existence the Guild has raised through entertainments 
and dues seventy-six dollars and ninety-three cents 
and looks forward to increased activity the coming 
year. The officers are: 

Directress — Mrs. C. H. Crouse. 

Vice-Directress — Miss Ethel Shippam. 

Secretary — Miss Violet Hills. 

Treasurer — Miss Marie Tombler. 


Beth Benedict Cordelia Swinburne 

Mrs. Crouse Fannie Schibsby 

Ellen Forsberg Ethel Shippam 

Ruth Forsberg Maude Smith 

Marian Gould Susie Seaman 

Violet Hills Marie Tombler 

Audrey Homan Alice Tombler 

Kathleen Nimmo Gladys Tombler 

Grace Power Frances Wilbur 

Faith Power Helen Wilcox 

Grace Robinson Marion Whipps. 

78 Memorial Volume 

St. nDark'6 30^5 Club 

Shortly after his acceptance of the rectorship of St. 
Mark's Parish in 1892, the Rev. H. P. Nichols sug- 
gested to the St. Marks Chapter of the Brotherhood of 
St. Andrew that it take up the project of establishing 
a Club for boys, who, by reason of their employment 
or their residence in the down-town districts surround- 
ing St. Marks Church, seemed in need of helpful in- 
fluences. Preparatory to the opening of the Club simi- 
lar institutions in New York and elsewhere were stud- 
ied as working models and various committees were 
appointed to undertake the preparations for the open- 
ing of the Club and for carrying it on when established. 

The first quarters of the Club were in rooms situated 
under the Parish House. One large room was used 
as a combination gymnasium and playroom, while a 
smaller room was fitted up as a reading and game 
room; and in an adjoining space a small shower-bath 
was installed. Within the first year of the Club's life, 
further space was added for the manual training work. 
Here for several years the Club work was carried on 
by such men as Charles W. and George R. Folds, Dr. 
T. E. Weeks, C. M. Carpenter, George R. Lewis, C. 
H. Childs and others, with Mr, Nichols always ready 
with helpful and encouraging suggestions. Numeri- 
cally speaking the Club was successful from the open- 
ing evening; indeed, it soon became necessary to limit 
the number of members in order to accommodate those 
who seemed to derive the most benefit from the Club. 
Strenuous times were experienced by some of the first 


RECTOR 1903-1907 

Saint Mark's Parish 79 

workers until their supremacy was established and 
"the Western Avenue gang" learned that it could 
neither "rule nor ruin." 

A small membership fee was always charged, with 
an additional fee for certain class work. In addition 
to the opportunity for physical work in the gymnasium, 
classes were started in reading, writing, spelling, and, 
later, in bookkeeping. Shortly after the Club was 
started the students of the Shattuck School presented 
it with an outfit of tools and benches for use in manual 
training work and to the last this feature of the Club 
work drew most strongly. The number of classes was 
constantly increased until during the winter of 1900-1, 
ten classes a week were conducted. 

In the fall of 1896, at the opening of the club year, 
larger quarters were furnished in the old rectory, a 
portion of which had been remodeled and redecorated 
during the summer for the use of the older boys. This 
was not only necessary but an act of wisdom, as it 
served to hold to the club during the most formative 
period of their lives, a class of boys, then verging on 
manhood who are today hard working, clean fellows. 
Were it not for this influence their lives might have 
found a less worthy outlet. 

During the vacation period of the summer of 1899, 
the club suffered severely through the removal from 
Minneapolis of the Rev. Mr. Nichols and the Messrs. 
Folds and C. M. Carpenter. In the meantime there 
had come into the work Messrs. W. B. Tuttle, C. G. 
Ireys, Francis Campbell, Carl Schroeder, the writer, 
and others, whose period of work was more or less 
brief. Notwithstanding the loss of the workers men- 
tioned, in the summer of 1899, the work was given a 

80 Memorial Volume 

new impetus by the building of the "Gym" in the space 
between the rectory and the parish house and the re- 
modeling and opening up for club purposes of the 
hitherto unused portion of the rectory. The basement 
rooms under the parish house with the exception of 
an enlarged bath-room were abandoned at this time. 
A large and rapid increase in membership resulted 
from these changes and it was found necessary to 
classify the membership more particularly and to fur- 
ther limit the number of evenings per week on which 
the boys could attend. 

By this time some of the older members of the Club 
had become available as helpers in the work and credit 
for some of the Club's success should accrue to young 
men like Henry Bloom, Carl Schroeder, and Louis 
Munnich, who rendered most valuable assistance for 
several years. Through their intimate acquaintance 
with the boys and their circumstances, they were often 
able to offer suggestions that were most helpful to 
the workers in charge. 

During the last four years of its life the superintend- 
ent in active charge of the club was Mr. (now Dr.) E. 
J. Stimpson. Inasmuch as the writer was, during 
this period, the chairman of the committee in charge of 
the Boy's Club work, he has no hesitancy in saying 
that without Dr. Stimpson the problem of keeping 
the Club going would have been very difficult of solu- 
tion ; certainly he contributed largely to what success 
there was in the solution. It was partially owing to 
the inability to find a satisfactory successor for Dr. 
Stimpson that the Club work was ultimately dropped. 

Without access to the records it is impossible to 
state accurately the total number of boys who at- 

Saint Mark's Parish 81 

tended tlie Club, but memory recalls that during sev- 
eral years the membership averaged one hundred or 
more per month and during these years the Club was 
used by over three hundred different boys each year. 
That its influence was not the same in all cases goes 
without saying. In their infinite variety it was not to 
be expected that the same results would be obtained 
with all the boys. During several years a system of 
home visitations was carried on in the endeavor to 
learn more of the actual conditions and needs of the 
boys who applied for membership. Valuable informa- 
tion was thus gained but an insufficient working force 
often made it impossible to make the most of such in- 

In the work of the Boy's Club, as in other work of 
similar character, many were attracted by the very 
apparent righteousness of the work and the opportu- 
nity for charitable and reformative help. It proved to 
be another instance where "many were called but few 
were chosen." The best workers came with no pre- 
conceived ideas beyond the desire and willingness to 
turn their heart and hand to whatsoever offered. The 
boys were rude, dirty, ignorant and in some cases 
vicious. The latter class were weeded out after a fair 
trial. The assistance of women as helpers was sought 
in the endeavor to overcome the rudeness of others. 
Many ladies responded and among those who rendered 
most successful assistance were Miss Agnes Harrison, 
Miss Hardenberg, the Misses Christian, Miss Moore, 
the Misses Caplin and Miss Higgins. Miss Harrison, 
Miss Jessie Caplin and Miss Moore for several years 
conducted very successful classes in wood-carving, 
natural science, and reading. 

82 Memorial Volume 

In our bath-rooms we endeavored to give opportu- 
nity to wash off some of the dirt and to install some 
sense of pride, and in many cases were successful. 
The "Gym" and the play-rooms served as a means of 
working off the excessive animal spirits, which must 
otherwise have found vent to the discomfort of the 
public in general and the police ofiQcers in particular. 

No review of the work of the St. Marks Club would 
be complete if it did not make mention of the financial 
backing afforded by such members of St. Marks Par- 
ish as Messrs. George H. Christian, F. W. Foreman, 
C. M. Harrington and H. C. Clark. The confidence 
they displayed in those who were doing the actual 
work by their constant readiness to afford financial 
support, cheered in many an hour that otherwise would 
have been very discouraging. 

Those who worked in St. Marks Boy's Club will re- 
call their experience with mingled feelings of satis- 
faction and regret. None of us felt that the Club did 
everything that it might have done. On the other 
hand there was in each of us some feeling that our 
work had not been in vain. Of the necessity for such 
a work there was and can be no question. As in all 
such efforts there were the "faithful few" upon whom 
the management could always rely, but removals from 
the city, changes in business or social circumstances 
made constant inroads upon these. After the newness 
had worn off the attraction grew less, and more and 
more difficulty was experienced in getting helpers 
until during the last year of the Club life but two or 
three, aside from the paid help, could be depended 
upon. The strain on men and women who had done 
a day's work before coming to the Club for the even- 

Saint Mark's Parish 83 

ing and the inroads upon the time of these few, to- 
gether with the loss of interest evidenced by the less- 
ening of volunteers made it seem the part of wisdom 
that others should be given an opportunity to take 
up the work. With the close of the Club year of 
1901-2, the committee in charge tendered their resig- 
nations to the Brotherhood in the hope that in new 
hands the Club work might be taken up with more 
vigor. The Club was not re-opened. 

No one who worked in and for St. Marks Boy's Club 
and who caught the spirit of the men who instituted it 
failed to derive a benefit therefrom. The work had 
its joys, its lighter and amusing side as well as its 
difficulties. Though we could not always see it at the 
time there was compensation for the effort, the thought 
and the weariness, in the eagerness with which the 
boys looked forward in the fall to the re-opening of 
the Club, in the greetings on the street and in the 
not infrequent requests for advice in times of doubt 
or trouble. 

The St. Marks Boys' Club marked a step in the de- 
velopment toward the Christ-like life. Its influence on 
helper and helped can never wholly pass away and 
sometime St. Marks will again awaken to the oppor- 
tunity before it and will profit by the experience of 
former years. 


84 Memorial Volume 

^be riDen's Club 

The Men's Club, of St. Mark's Church, has a mem- 
bership which is extensive and non-sectarian. Any 
man of good habits is eligible — whether he be a 
Churchman or not. According to its constitution the 
object of the Men's Club is to unite the men of the 
Parish for their mutual benefit, to advise and assist the 
Vestry in all matters connected with the Parish, to 
direct the carrying on of different lines of institutional 
work and to assist in the moral and civil betterment 
of the community. 

The inaugural meeting of the club was held in the 
Parish House of old St. Mark's on Sixth Street on 
the evening of March 4, 1904, Mr. Hector Baxter and 
Mr. C. W. Childs being chosen for the respective offi- 
ces of the President and Secretary pro tem. From that 
time on the meetings have been regularly held on the 
second Tuesday of each month from October until 
May inclusively. At first these meetings were held 
in the Parish House and took the form of an informal 
smoker, at which the problems of the Parish were open 
to discussion. Towards the end of the year the place 
of meeting was changed to some down town cafe or 
tea-room. These meetings were preceeded by a six 
o'clock dinner, after which some gentlemen of local or 
national fame gave an address on some chosen subject 
of interest to the club and community in general. 
These meetings are usually very well attended. 

In institutional work the Men's Club is a very active 
agent having numerous committees to look after the 
special branches of this line of work. 





Saint Mark's Parish 85 

Among these committees are : 

1. Committee on Church Publications and Prop- 


2. Committee on Boys' Club and Industrial School. 

3. Committee on Men's Club Room and Entertain- 


4. Committee on Gymnasium. 

5. Committee on Free Dispensary. 

6. Committee on Ushering. 

7. Committee on Visiting and Membership. 

8. Committee on Music. 

9. Executive Committee. 
10. Finance Committee. 

The Men's Club of St. Mark's Church has been es- 
pecially fortunate in its officers, all of whom have been 
men of marked executive ability who have untiringly 
put forth every effort to make the association the suc- 
cess it is today. Sometimes they have struggled 
against great odds, but be it said to their credit that 
they never for a moment faltered or thought of turn- 
ing back after having once begun the task. 

From the first meeting in 1904 up to this present 
year, the men who have served as officers of St. Mark's 
Men's Club are as follows : 

First Officers, March 7, 1904, to October 11, 1904. 

Hector Baxter, President. 

John R. Vanderlip, Vice-President. 

William A. Lochren, Treasurer. 

William P. Christian, Secretary. 

Officers, October 11, 1904, to October 30, 1905. 
Otto W. Miller, President. 
Dr. H. McI. Morton, Vice-President. 
Thomas L. Brown, Treasurer. 
William P. Christian, Secretary. 

86 Memorial Volume 

Officers, October 30, 1905, to September 25, 1906. 

Otto W. Miller, President. 
Prof. W. W. Folwell, Vice-President. 
William H. Keller, Treasurer. 
William P. Christian, Secretary. 

Officers 1907. 

Dr. H. McI. Morton, President. 
W. S. Dwinnell, Vice-President. 
V. H. Van Slyke, Treasurer. 
Dr. Murray, Secretary. 

Officers 1908. 

C. H. Childs, President. 
Wm. Passmore, Vice-President. 
V. H. Van Slyke, Treasurer. 
Dr. A. E. Alther, Secretary. 

The following members have been selected to rep- 
resent the Men's Club on the Board of Managers of the 
Wells Memorial : Messrs. O. W. Miller, E. O. Hawk- 
sett, Doctor H. W. Cook and Mr. C. H. Childs. 

A. E. ALTHER, Secretary. 

Saint Mark's Parish 87 

ZTbe nDotber'6 Club 

This society was inaugurated by the Rev. H. P. 
Nichols in the fall of 1898. The primary object was to 
bring the mothers of the children who attended the 
Sunday School in closer touch with the parochial life 
of St. Marks. 

In October, 1893, the first meeting was called, and 
Mrs. T. W. Woodbridge, wife of Professor Wood- 
bridge, of the University of Minnesota, now of Co- 
lumbia College, New York, was chosen by Rev. Nichols 
as its first president. It was a happy appointment — 
for she at once won the love and confidence of every 
member ; and for four years — until their removal to 
New York in 1902 — gave her time and talent to the 
welfare of the club. She is now its Honorary Presi- 

The work of the club is varied. Addresses from 
time to time are given by the Rector, helpful talks 
from physicians and others on the care of children, 
and pleasant social gatherings at different homes. 

For the first few years time was spent in various 
kinds of sewing for the Sheltering Arms, and in mak- 
ing articles for a sale. In 1901, a bed was placed in the 
Sheltering Arms to be maintained by the Club. 

In December, 1904, a little girl by the name of Laura 
Williams, 9 years of age, an inmate of Sheltering 
Arms, was taken by the Club to provide for, that is, 
to furnish her with necessary clothing and to look 
after her in a general way. 

]\Iany very interesting and helpful programs are pre- 
pared during each year. 

88 Memorial Volume 

During the past year the Club enjoyed a call from 
the Rev. H. P. Nichols — its founder — and an afternoon 
with Mrs. Geo. Whipple, nee Weidensee, who was 
Deaconess of St. Marks before taking up Alissionary 
work in Porto Rico. 

The present officers are Mrs. L. Sawyer, President ; 
and Mrs. McKewin, Secretary ; with a membership of 

Respectfully submitted, 

Secretary and Treasurer. 



Mrs. S. J. Austin Mrs. J. Parslow 
Mrs. J. Bathurst, Vice.-Pres. Mrs. H. H. Poole 

Mrs. C. V. Bell Mrs. A. A. Prall 

Miss A. Cleveland Mrs. L. Sawyer, Pres. 

Mrs. F. W. Constant Mrs. Schrader 

Mrs. Harrison Miss E. Smith 

Mrs. L. A. Hellier Mrs. J. W. Taylor 

Mrs. E. J. Merrill Mrs. Tillotson 

Mrs. G. E. McKewin, Mrs. A. B. Watson 

Sec.-Treas. Mrs. Whitmarsh 

Mrs. Palmatier Mrs. C. H. Wilbur 

Honorary Members. 

Mrs. F. J. E. Woodbridge Mrs. C. E. Haupt 
Miss Kate Welles 



Saint Mark's Parish 89 

Zhc ^onwQ HDen'e Club 

The Young Men's Chib of St. Marks Church was 
organized in April, 1907. Rev. C. E. Haupt called a 
meeting of the members of his Bible Class, and pro- 
posed to them an organization which would bring them 
into closer touch with one another, and with their 
church. The idea was enthusiastically taken up. Offi- 
cers were elected, and the first meetings were held 
with great success. 

The purposes of the organization, as set forth in the 
original constitution and by-laws, are to unite in a 
closer study of the Holy Bible, to promote the atmos- 
phere of fellowship among the young men of the 
Church, and to endeavor to enlarge the number of 
members of the Bible Class. 

The meetings of the summer months were like the 
struggling attempts of a new-born babe to exist in the 
rough harsh world. Most of the fellows were out of 
town or busy. But the meetings were rigidly held 
at the regular times, and the spark of enthusiasm was 
successfully carried over until the fall. Then the club 
was reorganized, and went thru the winter with a 
flourishing existence. 

President — Lindsey McKewen. 
Vice-President — George M. Shepard. 
Secretary-Treasurer — Roy Shippam. 

Wilson Gould Arthur Hillstrom 

Fred Robinson Harry Shippam 

Geo. W. Terry Horace T. McCord 

Stevens Grouse Ian Robertson 

C. Harlow Pratt Robert J. Marsh 

Robert Pratt Leroy Erickson 

90 Memorial Volume 

XTbe Business Moments GutlD 
ot St, /©arft's Cburcb 

The Business Women's Guild of St. Marks Church, 
Minneapolis, Minnesota, was organized in November, 
1907, for the purpose of "promoting acquaintance and 
helpful fellowship among the business women of the 
city ; and to associate them for such Church or benevo- 
lent work as may from time to time be decided upon." 
Charter members numbered fifteen but each successive 
meeting has brought its new mem.bers until at the 
time of this report there is an enrollment of 30 wo- 
men representing almost every phase of business life. 
Meetings are held the first and third Wednesday even- 
ing of each month, preceded by a luncheon, for which 
each member pays in advance in order to provide for 
the following one. The first meeting of the month is 
devoted entirely to business and the second chiefly 
to sociability and instructive entertainment, contrib- 
uted by the members. Dues for active members are 
10 cents per month and for honorary members, $5.00 
per year. No initiation fee is charged, thus the ex- 
pense keeps no one away who would otherwise join. 
There are no restrictions on membership, "The doors 
of the Business Women's Guild being open to every 
working woman." There have been many pleasant 
meetings during the winter months, sometimes mem- 
bers tied comforters while listening to a paper pre- 
pared by one member, and at other times enjoying a 
delightful program arranged for by the Entertainment 
Committee. We have made an encouraging beginning 
and we hope to be able in the near future to employ 

Saint Mark's Parish 91 

a matron in order to do more effective work where it 
is most needed, among the working women, by con- 
tinually receiving new members into our society and 
thru outside influence and donations. 
Original Officers. 

President — Mrs. A. L. Vrooman-Wood. 
Vice-President — Miss Emma Smith. 
Secretary — Miss Dora Basheler. 
Treasurer — Miss Lutie Reade. 

Charter Members. 

Miss Helen Baxter Miss Ruby Sawyer 

Miss Bickford Miss Lillian Sawyer 

Miss Florence Futcher Miss Emma Smith 

Rev. Mr. Haupt Mrs. C. H. Wilbur 

Mrs. Hall Mrs. A. L. Vrooman-Wood 

Miss Lutie Reade Miss Ruth Whipps 

Additional Members. 

Miss Florence Ausmann Miss Emma Johnstone 

Miss Emma Budd Miss Helen Kraschel 

Mrs. Emma Barnhart Mrs. J. B. McEachran 

Miss Danforth Miss Ollie Quick 

Mrs. Hall Miss Edith Sutherland 

Miss Lillian Heebert Mrs. N. R. Tilton 

Mrs. B. S. Hendricks Miss Winona Tipton 

Miss Phi Hartford 

Note. — The inception of the Business Woman's Guild is 
due to Miss Emma J. Smith, Parish Visitor. 

Respectfully submitted, 



92 Memorial Volume 

Dauabters of the Mwq 

The "Daughters of the King" has for its main ob- 
ject, "The Spreading of Christ's Kingdom Among 
Women." Its members are pledged to aid the rector 
in any work which he may call upon them to do, and 
to make an earnest effort to bring women within the 
hearing of the Gospel. 

St. Marks Chapter, Daughters of the King, received 
its charter from the National organization fifteen years 
ago during the rectorate of the Rev. H. P. Nichols. 
The members were the young confirmed women of 
the Church who were interested in its spiritual ad- 

Meetings were held weekly at which the rector was 
always present to read the prayers of the order, give 
helpful advice and assign the calls upon the sick and 
strangers. During the Lenten season the Chapter was 
particularly active forming the choir for the afternoon 
services. At Thanksgiving and Christmas bountiful 
dinners were sent to the needy connected with the 

The work of the Society has continued along these 
lines, changing, however, with the plans of new rectors 
and officers and the demands of the Parish. 

During the Rectorate of the Rev. Thomas MacLean, 
the Chapter was very active in the work of the St. 
Mark's P^vs' Club, the Sunday School and the Altar 

The Rev. G. H. Hills outlined the work of the Chap- 
ter more closely on true Daughters of the King lines. 
Half of the meeting hour is now spent in a course of 



Saint Mark's Parish 


study on the Church and Prayer book. The work 
formerly done by the deaconess has been taken up by 
the Chapter and the members are always ready to re- 
spond to a call for special work in the Parish. Social 
meeting are held monthly either at the Parish house 
or at the homes of the members. 

There is no attempt made to raise money, but St. 
Mark's Chapter is doing what it can towards the 
spreading of the Kingdom of Christ on earth. 

Daughters of the King. 

Directress — Miss Mabel Wilkinson. 
Vice-Directress — Miss Grace Caplin. 
Secretary — Miss Violet Hills. 
Treasurer — Mrs. W. F. Jewett. 


Miss Beth Benedict 
Miss Henrietta Brown 
Miss Grace Caplin 
Miss Katherine Carle 
Miss Bessie Fridley 
Mrs. Holbrook 
Miss Louise Higgins 
Mrs. Jewett 
Miss Laura Miller 
Miss Ottola Miller 
Mrs. Norris 
Miss Edna Roberts 
Miss Ethel Shippam 
Miss Louise Turner 
Miss Mable Wilkinson 
Miss Grace Robinson 
Miss Cordelia Swinburne 

Miss Clara Turner 
Mrs. Smith 

Miss Gertrude MacGraw 
Miss Violet Hills 
Miss Gertrude Colby- 
Mrs. W. P. Christian 
Mrs. Fagg 
Miss F. Futcher 
Miss Florence Gibson 
Miss Howlette 
Miss Lord 
Miss Ada Robinson 
Miss Ried 
Miss Seaman 
Miss Irene Taylor 
Miss Lois Van Slyck 

94 Memorial Volume 

^be 1Revo Cburcb 

As soon as the sale of the property on Sixth Street 
was consummated, active steps were taken to begin 
the work of construction. A building committee was 
appointed by the Vestry, consisting of the Clergy, Mr. 
George H. Christian, Mr. C. M. Harrington, Mr. W. 
S. Dwinnell, Dr. H. McI. Morton and Mr. C. T. Jaf- 
fray. On April 17th, 1907, the committee met and 
organized by the selection of Mr. Harrington Chair- 
man and Rev. Mr. Haupt secretary, Mr. Jaffray hav- 
ing been chosen Treasurer by the Vestry. 

It was at first proposed to proceed at once with the 
erection of the Church, to be built with a basement for 
Parish work and without a Parish House. Plans were 
to be drawn for a church to seat nine hundred per- 
sons, with additional accommodation for two hun- 
dred people in a gallery over the entrance. It was 
specified by the committee that the design should be 
Gothic and follow so far as practicable the lines of 
the old St. Marks ; to include on the same plan, the 
nave, chapel, organ chamber, choir room, sacristies 
and baptistry. The tower to be at the entrance to 
the Church either in the center or as a campanile. 

As to location, it was decided to recommend to the 
Vestry that the Church be located as far from Henne- 
pin Ave. as possible, to avoid the noise of the cars, and 
nearly north and south, with sufficient room for a Par- 
ish House, to be erected in the future, east of the 
Church. It was proposed that the Church be built of 
Indiana lime store or Trempelo stone with inside finish 
of stone, brick or concrete. The chancel to be square 


Saint Mark's Parish 95 

and the stained glass windows of St. Marks to be 
used in the new building-. The basement was to be ar- 
ranged for Parish needs with a sub-basement for heat- 

The Vestry adopted the recommendation of the 
Committee, selected Mr, E. H. Hewitt as architect and 
submitted to him the general specifications. The Rev. 
Mr. Hills and Mr. George H. Christian were appointed 
a subcommittee to confer with the architect in the 
formulation of the plan. It was soon found that the 
cost of a basement fitted up for Parish work and a sub- 
basement for heating would run into many thousands 
of dollars and not be satisfactory. It was therefore 
decided to prepare a plan for a Parish House and ascer- 
tain its cost. The Rev. Mr. Haupt and the architect 
were appointed a sub-committee to prepare such a 
plan. Three tenative sketches were submitted to cost 
$60,000, $23,000 and $32,000. The latter was selected 
upon condition that the cost could be reduced to $25,- 
000. This furnished the basis of the plan finally 
adopted. In the meantime the plan for the Church 
was gradually and studiously worked out. On Feb- 
ruary 14th, 1908, the contracts were signed for the 
erection of the Parish House to cost complete, $37,386, 
and a meeting of the Parish was called on February 
27th to examine and discuss the plans of the Church. 
The design received very favorable consideration, but 
as the cost involved the raising of a large sum of 
money no definite action was taken in order to give 
the architect time to get actual bids on the construc- 
tion and ascertain the exact cost. 

The proposed Parish House will be nearly square, 
being 66 by 68 feet, or about half as large again as the 

96 Memorial Volume 

old Parish House. The part connecting the Parish 
House with the Church will be 48 by 30 feet, and will 
accommodate the stairways, choir, gymnasium and liv- 
ing rooms. The Church, according to the proposed 
plan, will consist of a narthex or entrance (utilized 
above for a gallery), a nave, isles, choir and sanctuary. 
On the left side of the choir will be the organ and on 
the right a chapel. A working sacristy is provided for 
the Altar Guild and a robing sacristy for the clergy, 
with ambulatory back of the altar. The clearstory is 
high, giving abundance of light and air. The nave and 
choir will consist of seven bays, the chancel arch being 
placed at the entrance to the sanctuary. The entire 
length of the building will be 162 feet. The nave will 
be 85 feet long by 34 feet wide ; the isles will add 16^/^ 
feet, making the total inside width of the Church 67 
feet ; the depth of the choir is 28 feet ; the sanctuary is 
19 feet deep by 29 feet wide. For purposes of compari- 
son, the old Church was 81 feet long in the nave by 30^^ 
feet wide, and the aisles add 9% feet, making the total 
width 48 feet. There were two transepts, averaging 22 
by 34^ feet ; the choir and sanctuary occupying a space 
30 feet wide at the chancel arch by 27^^ feet deep. 
The floor area of the new Church, not counting the 
narthex, is 8,122 feet, while the floor area of the old 
Church was 5,247 feet. The proposed plan compre- 
hends the use of sawed Bedford stone with a smooth 
finish for the exterior. The interior, if the design shall 
be approved, will be of Frontenac or Kasota stone, 
where stone is used, with warm colored brick for the 
wall spaces and a vaulted ceiling of tile construction, 
very rich in color. The apex of the ceiling of the nave 

i o 

Saint Mark's Parish 97 

will be 54 feet from the floor and the height of the 
tower 125 feet. 

The Parish House was so far finished that the Audi- 
torium was opened for use on the Fifteenth Sunday 
after Trinity, being the 27th day of September, and 
was dedicated to the purposes for which it was erected, 
by Bishop Edsall, assisted by the Rectors, though it 
was not until November first that the building was 
entirely completed. 

On Monday, August 17th, the foundations of the 
new church were staked out and ground broken on 
Thursday, August 20th. The corner stone will be 
laid on Sunday, November 15th, being the Twenty- 
second Sunday after Trinity. 

98 Memorial Volume 

^be Mells nDemorial 

Fifty thousand dollars having been designated by 
the vestry as the sum which they would set apart, in 
accordance with the resolution of the Parish, for the 
erection and maintenance of a down town Chapel and 
institutional plant, a site was purchased at Western 
avenue and Eleventh street, after very careful search 
and long deliberation, for the sum of $8,500, and steps 
taken to proceed with the erection of suitable build- 
ings. A committee, consisting of the clergy, Mr. W. 
S. Dwinnell, Mr. C. H. Childs, Mr. Hector Baxter and 
Mr. V. H. Van Slyke, was appointed by the vestry to 
prepare a plan and superintend the construction of the 
building. The committee organized by the selection of 
Mr. Dwinnell as chairman, Mr. Baxter secretary, and 
Mr. Van Slyke treasurer. Mr. E. H. Hewitt prepared 
a sketch of a suitable building and a contract was en- 
tered into with Messrs. Libby and Nelson upon a com- 
mission basis, the estimated cost of the building being 
$20,000, less the salvage in lumber and material taken 
from the old Church and Parish House. 

As the money for the erection of St. Mark's Parish 
House was raised through the efforts of the late Doc- 
tor Thomas B. Wells, and the building bore his name, 
the Vestry desire to perpetuate his memorial by nam- 
ing the new house in his honor. 


The conduct of the works of the Wells Memorial 
is committeed to a Board of Managers of fifteen men 
representing the Vestry of St. Marks, the Men's Club 

Saint Mark's Parish 99 

of St. Marks, and the parishes of Gethsemane, Holy 
Trinity, St. Paul's, All Saints and St. John's. So far 
as selected the Board consists of Dr. H. McI. Morton, 
D. M. Baldwin, C. E. Haupt, Hector Baxter, V. H. 
Van Slyke, C. H. Childs, O. W. Miller, E. O. Hawk- 
sett, H. W. Cook, I. P. Johnson, George Gibson, W. 
P. Christian, R. L. Munns, H. R. Lyon. The Board 
meets on the last Tuesday of each month at 6 o'clock. 
On Thursday, September 7th, the Board met and 
organized by the election of Mr. Dwight M. Baldwin, 
President, Mr. George Gibson, Secretary, and Mr. V. 
H. Van Slyke, Treasurer. The Rev, C. E. Haupt was 
elected Pastor by the Vestry of St. Marks. 


Executive — Mr. Baldwin, Mr. Gibson, Mr. Van 
Slyke and Mr. Haupt. 

Finance— Mr. Baxter, Mr. Hawksett, ^Ir. Miller. 

Dispensary — Dr. Morton, Dr. Cook, Mr. Christian. 

Industrial Work— Rev. Mr. Haupt, Rev. Mr. John- 
son, Mr. Childs. 

Publicity — Mr. Munns, Mr. Lyon. 

It is the policy of the Board to allow the work to 
develop as the need arises and undertake new forms 
of work only as the funds are provided. 


The Wells IMemorial House was formally turned 
over by the building committee to the Board of iMan- 
agers on Friday, Oct. 16. The house was open for in- 
spection all day and a reception held in the afternoon 
and evening at which it is estimated that three hun- 
dred persons were present. The ladies serving on 

100 Memorial Volume 

the reception committee were Mrs. Dwinnell, Mrs. T. 
B. Wells, Mrs. Jaffray, Mrs. Baldwin, Mrs. Harrington, 
Miss Ross, Mrs. Jones, Mrs. H. C. Clarke, Mrs. Bax- 
ter, Mrs. Gruber, Mrs. Van Slyke, Mrs. Peterson, 
Mrs. Fraser, Mrs. H. S. Abbott, Mrs. A. W. Abbott, 
Mrs. Morton, Mrs. Haupt, Mrs. Clerihew, Mrs. Hawk- 
sett, Mrs. L. Christian, Mrs. Cook, Mrs. Corse, Mrs. 
Miller, Mrs. Childs. 

At eight o'clock the company assembled in the 
chapel and after devotional exercises and a word of 
greeting and encouragement from the bishop, short 
addresses were made by the Rev. C. E. Haupt on the 
"Inception and Purpose of the Work;" by Mr. Hector 
Baxter on behalf of the building committee in tender- 
ing the building to the Board of Managers ; by Mr. 
Baldwin, president of the board, in receiving the same ; 
by Mayor J. C. Haynes, on behalf of the city ; by 
Bishop Millspaugh, Mr. W. L. Harris, and Mr. H. F. 
Burt, superintendent of the Pillsbury House, after 
which a very enjoyable collation was served in the 
kindergarten room. 

Mr. F. B. Wells has very generously offered to 
equip the gymnasium and possibly the dispensary ; 
Mrs. J. A. Peterson is furnishing the day nursery; 
Miss C. J. Welles has supplied the Mothers' Club 
room. Through the good offices of Mr. C. M. Har- 
rington we have received from the Chamber of Com- 
merce fifty dollars towards the equipment of the In- 
dustrial School, which will open on the first Saturday 
in November. Messrs. Kayser & Co. have offered 
to decorate the kindergarten room. 

Saint Mark's Parish 101 


The building is 92 feet long by 48 feet deep. In the 
north end is the chapel, 40x48 feet, with a height of 17 
feet to the ceiling. Above the chapel is the gym- 
nasium, open to the roof. On the south end of the 
building is a basement, containing a free dispensary 
with accommodations for four classes of patients, two 
game rooms and the heating plant. 

On the first floor are the office, reading room, kin- 
dergarten room, 24x35 feet, and kitchen. The kitchen 
is planned so as to serve either into the kindergarten 
room or into the larger hall. On the second or gym- 
nasium floor are a hand-ball court, locker room, show- 
er baths, woman's club room, cooking school and day 
nursery. On the third floor are, a suite of rooms for 
the superintendent, deaconess, kindergartner or nurse, 
and a large room for night school. 

The cost of the completed building is $23,000. A 
block containing three stories and twenty-four rooms 
has been constructed on the Western Avenue front- 
age of the property at a cost of $12,000, to furnish an 
income. It has been rented at prices exceeding the 
estimates of the committee and will yield a gross in- 
come of $2,700 a year. 


It is proposed to hold on each Sunday morning a 
celebration of the Holy Communion at an early hour; 
in the afternoon a Sunday School session, and in the 
evening a popular service. 


The hall, which is 40x46 feet, is arranged so as to be 

102 Memorial Volume 

of easy access from the entrance, and with an addition- 
al exit to the street. During the week it will be avail- 
able for all sorts of purposes which the neighborhood 
may require. Lecture courses will be arranged during 
the winter as opportunity affords. The hall will be 
provided with a stage at the upper end, and facilities 
for amateur dramatic performances, also electrical con- 
nection for steropticon. It can be rented for any 
proper purpose. 


The Industrial School, which has been so successful- 
ly carried on at St. Mark's, will occupy the hall on 
Saturday mornings, and will be provided with a room 
especially adapted to the cooking department. The 
garment class can use the kindergarten room, if neces- 
sary. Classes in physical culture will also be provided 
for the children of the industrial school. 


The gymnasium is located on the second floor, and 
is open to the roof, giving abundance of light and ven- 
tilation. Adjoining it is the hand-ball court, with 
lockers, shower baths, and all necessary accommoda- 
tions!; A competent instructor will be placed in charge, 
and classes formed for boys and girls on suitable days 
at convenient hours. 


Accommodations are provided in the basement for a 
free dispensary, containing a lobby, drug room and 
four private dispensing rooms for different classes of 
cases: 1. Eye, nose and throat. 2. Surgical cases. 3. 
Medical cases. 4. Dressing, etc. 

Saint Mark's Parish 103 


The reading room is twenty-four feet square, and 
occupies the southwest corner of the main floor, with 
abundance of light and air. 


Two rooms in the basement can be used either for 
manual training or for game rooms and a large room 
on the third floor is provided for night school. It is 
proposed to revive the Boys' Club as it was in its best 
days on Sixth street, and with the game rooms, manual 
training, night school, gymnasium and hand-ball court, 
there should be abundant facilities for the purpose. 

The free kindergarten heretofore maintained in St. 
Mark's Parish House will have a beautiful room in the 
southeast corner of the building on the first floor, with 
ample accommodations, and it is hoped to enlarge the 
work heretofore done in this department. Application 
for admission may be made to Miss Emma J. Smith, 
Parish Visitor, or to Miss Margaret Baxter, Kinder- 
gartner. The kindergarten will open at the same time 
as the public schools, and hold daily sessions from 9 
a. m. to 12 m., except on Saturday and Sunday. 

If there is anything that will endure 
The eye of God, because it still is pure, 
It is the spirit of a little child, 
Fresh from His hand, and therefore undefiled. 

— R. H. Stoddard. 
A complete equipment for a day nursery is provided, 
with play-room, sleeping-room and bath-room. 

104 Memorial Volume 


Though the buildmg was not entirely finished the 
work at the Wells Memorial began with the celebra- 
tion of the Holy Communion on Sunday, September 
6th, and the opening of the Sunday School, with an 
attendance of thirty-nine persons, thirteen children, 
six officers and teachers, and twenty visitors. The 
school has steadily grown to an attendance of eighty 
and an enrollment of 108. Evening Prayer was said 
at 7:45 p. m. The kindergarten was opened on Tues- 
day, September 8th, under the care of Miss Margaret 
Baxter, assisted by Miss Cecil Cobb. Miss Emma J. 
Smith, the efficient parish visitor, being in residence, 
and having effectively prepared the way, the response 
on the part of the children of the neighborhood was 
most gratifying. The attendance rapidly increased 
until the capacity of the room was reached. 




The corner-stone box of the old church was opened 
at a Parish meeting, held on Thursday, November 12, 
1908, by Rev. C. Edgar Haupt, assisted by Mr. George 
H. Christian and Mr, Frank W. Forraan. The contents 
were found in a very dilapidated condition. Whatso- 
ever was written in ink was illegible. There were in 
the box a small bible, prayer book, journal of the Dio- 
cesan Council for 1869, copy of the Churchman of Oct. 
2, 1869, copy of the American Churchman of Sept. 3, 
1869, a copy of the Minneapolis Tribune in fragments 
and a written history which could not be deciphered. 

In the new corner stone was placed, in a copper box, 
enclosed in cedar, a bible, prayer book, hymnal, journal 
of the Diocese of 1908, memorial history of the Parish, 
file of St. Marks Messenger for 1908, copy of the 
Journal of Sunday, Nov. 8th; of the Tribune of Sun- 
day, Nov. 8, copy Churchman Nov. 7, copy Living 
Church, Nov. 7. Names of the Associate Rectors, War- 
dens and Vestrymen, Building Committee and Archi- 
tect — inscribed on parchment. Pictures of the Bishops 
of the Diocese and of the lay delegates to the Diocesan 
Council of 1869, Mr. Henry F. Welles and John 
Paul. History of Fort Ripley, 1849 to 1859, based 
on the Diary of Rev. Solon W. Mooney, D. D., 
Chaplain of this post from 1851 to 1859, by Rev. 
George C. Tanner. Early Episcopal Churches and 
Missions in Minnesota, by Rev. George C. Tanner. 
Memorial addresses in honor of Bishop Henry Ben- 
jamin Whipple, at the monthly council meeting of the 
Minnesota Historical Society in the State Capitol, St. 
Paul, Minn., Monday evening, Oct. 14, 1901, by Hon. 
Charles E. Flandrau, Rev. Geo. C. Tanner, Hon. 
Greenleaf Clark, Gen. John B. Sanborn, Rev. William 
C. Pope. 

The box was packed by the Rev. C. E. Haupt, in 
the presence of Mr. C. M. Harrington, Junior Warden, 
and Jesse Stevens Crouse, Ethel May Shippam, 
Frances M. Wilbur, Rhoda Alcock, Marian Gould, 
Ethyl Belle Carlson, Beatrice Heathcote Hills, Emma 
Minier and Wilson L. Gould. 

The corner stone of the new church was laid on 
November 15th, 1908, being the Twenty-Second Sun- 
day after Trinity, by the Rt. Rev. Samuel Cook Edsall, 
D.D., Bishop of the Diocese. The special service for 
the occasion was compiled and rendered by the Rev. 
G. Heathcote Hills, and the Rev. C. Edgar Haupt made 
the address, followed by some words of greeting and 
congratulation by the Bishop. As the day was cold 
the exercises were held in the Parish house which was 
crowded to overflowing. The Street Railway Company 
having furnished transportation, the children from the 
Wells Memorial Sunday School were present as well 
as the children of the Parish Sunday School. After the 
exercises in the parish house were completed the order 
of the procession was as follows : Children of the 
Wells Memorial Sunday School, Children of St. Marks 
Sunday School : the Congregation, the Choir, the 
Vestry; the Clerk and Treasurer; the Building Com- 
mittee and Architect ; the Visiting Clergy, Rev. James 
Tremble, D. D., Rev. Sidney Smith and Rev. Harry 
B. Heald ; the Associate Rectors and the Bishop. 

The stone is five feet three inches long, three feet 
deep and two feet six inches high. It is inscribed 
with the words, 1868, Saint Mark, 1908, "Pax Per 
Sanguinem Crucis," with a small Maltese cross in 
each corner. The box was securely wedged into its 
place. The Bishop blessed the stone, the Architect on 
an appropriately engraved trowel handed him the mor- 

tar, which he placed under the stone, the workmen un- 
der the direction of Mi. Pike, the builder, completed the 
work, the stone was carefully lowered into place, the 
Bishop struck it thrice in the name of the blessed 
Trinity, the choir broke into singing of hymn 468, and 
after the benediction by the Bishop the congregation 

At the close of the ceremony an elderly gentleman 
introduced himself to the clergy as Mr. John F. Har- 
rison, one of the original incorporators of the Parish 
in 1868, now living in Milwaukee, the only one of the 
original incorporators of the Parish present at the